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Fractures of the distal femur, proximal tibia, and patella that occur adjacent to a total knee replacement may be very difficult to treat. Fixation options are compromised because of the short articular segment, frequent comminution, pre-existing osteoporosis, previous surgical incisions, and the presence of the knee implant itself. This review article(More)
A low-diameter, fast interconnection network is going to be a prerequisite for building exascale machines. A two-level direct network has been proposed by several groups as a scalable design for future machines. IBM's PERCS topology and the dragonfly network discussed in the DARPA exascale hardware study are examples of this design. The presence of multiple(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of early repolarization, particularly regarding the morphology of the R-wave downslope, has come under question. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated 29 281 resting ambulatory ECGs from the VA Palo Alto Health Care System. With PR interval as the isoelectric line and amplitude criteria ≥0.1 mV, ST-segment elevation is defined at(More)
The advent of petascale computing has introduced new challenges (e.g. heterogeneity, system failure) for programming scalable parallel applications. Increased complexity and dynamism in science and engineering applications of today have further exacerbated the situation. Addressing these challenges requires more emphasis on concepts that were previously of(More)
As machines increase in scale, many researchers have predicted that failure rates will correspondingly increase. Soft errors do not inhibit execution, but may silently generate incorrect results. Recent trends have shown that soft error rates are increasing, and hence they must be detected and handled to maintain correctness. We present a holistic(More)
We present our implementation of the HPC Challenge Class II (productivity) benchmarks in the Charm++ [1] programming paradigm 1. Our submission focuses on explaining how over-decomposed, message-driven, migratable objects enhance the clarity of expression of parallel programs and also enable the runtime system to deliver portable performance. Our submission(More)
In this paper we have modelled the behavior of the CDMA cell using clustered Poisson process. We have found that when the RF dynamics of the cell is modelled using this two dimensional description of the user arrival process, the size and the capacity of the cell are completely determined by the spatial traffic density and stability arguments. This is much(More)
Collectives are an important and frequently used component of MPI. Bucket algorithms, also known as "large vector" algorithms, were introduced in the early 90's and have since evolved as a well known paradigm for large MPI collectives. Many modern day supercomputers such as the IBM Blue Gene and Cray XT are based on torus interconnects that offer a highly(More)
This paper introduces a new synthesis procedure to form erbium-doped ceria nanoparticles (EDC NPs) that can act as an optical medium for both up-conversion and down-conversion in the same time. This synthesis process results qualitatively in a high concentration of Ce(3+) ions required to obtain high fluorescence efficiency in the down-conversion process.(More)