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STUDY OBJECTIVES The aim of this long-term multicenter analysis was to investigate whether subcutaneously infused treprostinil could provide sustained improvements of exercise capacity and survival benefits in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Subcutaneous administration(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension is surgically curable by pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). It is unclear whether PEA impacts primarily steady state right ventricular afterload (ie, pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR)) or pulsatile right ventricular afterload (ie, pulmonary arterial compliance (C(PA))). Our objectives were to (1)(More)
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterised by nonresolving pulmonary thromboemboli that can be treated by surgical pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). The authors of the present study sought to confirm known and to identify novel CTEPH risk factors in a controlled retrospective cohort study of prevalent CTEPH cases collected in three(More)
RATIONALE Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), a potent endogenous nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, is increased in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and associated with unfavorable outcome. OBJECTIVES Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), although principally amenable to surgical removal of major pulmonary arterial(More)
Current guidelines recommend right heart catheterisation (RHC) in symptomatic patients at risk of pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) with echocardiographic systolic pulmonary artery pressures ≥ 36 mmHg. Growing awareness for PH, a high prevalence of post-capillary PH and the inability to distinguish between pre- and post-capillary PH by(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is characterized by intraluminal thrombus organization and fibrous obliteration of pulmonary arteries. Recently, associated medical conditions such as splenectomy, ventriculoatrial shunt for the treatment of hydrocephalus, permanent central intravenous lines, inflammatory bowel disease, and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) results from non-resolving pulmonary thromboemboli that are resistant to plasmatic anticoagulation. Because of a secondary pulmonary arteriopathy accompanying major vessel obstruction, the disorder may be a target for vasodilator therapy. OBJECTIVES In an open-label uncontrolled study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Randomized controlled trials have resulted in improved outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension; however, they are biased by stringent inclusion criteria, pre-specified patient sub-sets, and study durations. In addition, common practice is to start oral therapies ahead of the more potent and titratable prostanoid therapies, despite advanced(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical pulmonary endarterectomy is the preferred treatment for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. Persistent pulmonary hypertension after pulmonary endarterectomy has been recognized as a major determinant of poor outcome. We tested whether acute vasoreactivity identifies chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patients prone(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severely disabling disorder characterized by sustained elevations of pulmonary vascular resistance, ultimately leading to right-heart failure and death. Intravenous epoprostenol has been widely used in patients with PAH, leading to long-term clinical benefits and improved survival. Epoprostenol has to be delivered(More)