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Testing the many hypotheses from genomics and systems biology experiments demands accurate and cost-effective gene and genome synthesis. Here we describe a microchip-based technology for multiplex gene synthesis. Pools of thousands of 'construction' oligonucleotides and tagged complementary 'selection' oligonucleotides are synthesized on photo-programmable(More)
Large DNA constructs of arbitrary sequences can currently be assembled with relative ease by joining short synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (oligonucleotides). The ability to mass produce these synthetic genes readily will have a significant impact on research in biology and medicine. Presently, high-throughput gene synthesis is unlikely, due to the limits(More)
We describe in this chapter the use of oligonucleotide or peptide microarrays (arrays) based on microfluidic chips. Specifically, three major applications are presented: (1) microRNA/small RNA detection using a microRNA detection chip, (2) protein binding and function analysis using epitope, kinase substrate, or phosphopeptide chips, and (3) protein-binding(More)
The diverse functions of microRNA (miRNA) molecules have drawn broad and intensive interest in various biological fields, biomedical applications, and technology development. Which are endogeneous cellular short RNA molecules found in the cytoplasm as well as in various serum fluids. miRNAs are transcriptional and translational regulatory molecules active(More)
A stable ternary transcription complex was formed with either wheat germ or yeast RNA polymerase II using a ribotrinucleotide primer (GpCpG) to initiate transcription on a short synthetic single-strand DNA template. The template was designed to limit the incorporation of a photoprobe S4-UMP (4-thio-UMP) to a unique position at the 3' terminus of the(More)
Specific transcription complexes were formed with yeast RNA polymerase I using a cognate oligoribotri-nucleotide primer (GCG) to initiate transcription on short synthetic single-stranded DNA templates. The templates were designed to limit the incorporation of a photoprobe, 4-thiouridine triphosphate, to a single unique position at the 3' terminus of the(More)
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