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Rats were administered chronic multiple injections of amphetamine (AMPH) using dosage regimens which produce tolerance to the AMPH facilitation of self-stimulation responding, or reverse tolerance (sensitization) to the locomotor stimulant and stereotypy-producing effects of the drug. Subsequently rats were challenged with AMPH at behaviorally relevant(More)
Further work on the phenomenon reported by Leith and Barrett, wherein tolerance was shown to develop to the well-known D-amphetamine-induced facilitation of self-stimulation, clearly indicates that the development of such tolerance is dependent on the location of the stimulating electrode. Thirty-seven Fisher or Harlan rats were trained to bar press for(More)
The dose-dependent decrease in striatal dopamine (DA) metabolites following apomorphine (APO) administration was utilized as an index of changes in DA receptor sensitivity following the repeated administration of amphetamine (AMPH). The results suggest that: (a) repeated AMPH pretreatment does not alter DA autoreceptor sensitivity; and (b) interpretations(More)
Chronic administration of amphetamine (AMPH) has been reported to produce tolerance to the drug's behavioral effects in some paradigms (self-stimulation, discriminative stimulus, self-administration) and an enhanced effect or reverse tolerance when other behaviors are monitored (locomotor activity, stereotypy). The present study investigated whether the two(More)
The effects of apomorphine (APO) on self-stimulation responding were examined as a function of drug dose and stimulation current intensity. The lowest dose tested (0.02 mg/kg) significantly elevated the stimulation threshold, presumably reflecting the drug's preferential affinity for presynaptic dopamine (DA) receptors at this dose. At a dose which(More)
Previous reports have suggested that the hyperactivity and stereotypy produced by amphetamine (AMP) and the catalepsy produced by haloperidol (HAL) are mediated by striatal dopaminergic mechanisms. In the present study, we have measured the behavioral effects of AMP and HAL, and their effects on striatal dopaminergic function, using both an index of(More)