Nihar R Jana

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A major hallmark of the polyglutamine diseases is the formation of neuronal intranuclear inclusions of the disease proteins that are ubiquitinated and often associated with various chaperones and proteasome components. But, how the polyglutamine proteins are ubiquitinated and degraded by the proteasomes are not known. Here, we demonstrate that CHIP (C(More)
Expansion of CAG repeats within the coding region of target genes is the cause of several autosomal dominant neurodegenerative diseases including Huntington's disease (HD). A hallmark of HD is the proteolytic production of N-terminal fragments of huntingtin containing polyglutamine repeats that form ubiquitinated aggregates in the nucleus and cytoplasm of(More)
Inhibition of polyglutamine-induced protein aggregation could provide treatment options for polyglutamine diseases such as Huntington disease. Here we showed through in vitro screening studies that various disaccharides can inhibit polyglutamine-mediated protein aggregation. We also found that various disaccharides reduced polyglutamine aggregates and(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by polyglutamine expansion in the disease protein, huntingtin. In HD patients and transgenic mice, the affected neurons form characteristic ubiquitin-positive nuclear inclusions (NIs). We have established ecdysone-inducible stable mouse Neuro2a cell lines that express(More)
Curcumin is a natural polyphenolic compound having an antiproliferative property, which recent evidence suggests is due to its ability to induce apoptosis. However, the molecular mechanisms through which curcumin induces apoptosis are not fully understood. Here, we report that the curcumin-induced apoptosis is mediated through the impairment of the(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds modulate various endocrine functions by enhancing ligand metabolism, altering hormone synthesis, down regulating receptor levels, and interfering with gene transcription. In the present study, we investigated the effects of TCDD on testosterone signal transduction pathways and vice versa in(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is caused by the expansion of N-terminal polymorphic poly Q stretch of the protein huntingtin (HTT). Deregulated microRNAs and loss of function of transcription factors recruited to mutant HTT aggregates could cause characteristic transcriptional deregulation associated with HD. We observed earlier that expressions of miR-125b,(More)
Regular use of aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been associated with decreased incidence of cancer of the colon and other gastrointestinal organs. The chemopreventive properties of NSAIDs are due to their ability to induce apoptosis. Both COX-2-dependent and COX-2-independent mechanisms are involved in NSAIDs-induced(More)
Huntington's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is associated with a CAG repeat expansion in the gene encoding huntingtin. We found that a 60-kDa protein was increased in Neuro2a cells expressing the N-terminal portion of huntingtin with expanded polyglutamine. We purified this protein, and, using mass spectrometry, identified it as(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is characterised by the proteolytic production of N-terminal fragments of huntingtin containing polyglutamine repeats that forms intracellular ubiquitinated aggregates in the affected neurons. Using cellular and transgenic mice model of HD, we report here that BAG-1 co-immunoprecipitates with the polyglutamine-expanded truncated(More)