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Expansion of CAG repeats within the coding region of target genes is the cause of several autosomal dominant neurodegenerative diseases including Huntington's disease (HD). A hallmark of HD is the proteolytic production of N-terminal fragments of huntingtin containing polyglutamine repeats that form ubiquitinated aggregates in the nucleus and cytoplasm of(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by polyglutamine expansion in the disease protein, huntingtin. In HD patients and transgenic mice, the affected neurons form characteristic ubiquitin-positive nuclear inclusions (NIs). We have established ecdysone-inducible stable mouse Neuro2a cell lines that express(More)
A major hallmark of the polyglutamine diseases is the formation of neuronal intranuclear inclusions of the disease proteins that are ubiquitinated and often associated with various chaperones and proteasome components. But, how the polyglutamine proteins are ubiquitinated and degraded by the proteasomes are not known. Here, we demonstrate that CHIP (C(More)
Huntington's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that is associated with a CAG repeat expansion in the gene encoding huntingtin. We found that a 60-kDa protein was increased in Neuro2a cells expressing the N-terminal portion of huntingtin with expanded polyglutamine. We purified this protein, and, using mass spectrometry, identified it as(More)
A study was conducted to investigate whether target hormones affect 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-inducible gene expression, using as an experimental model system three human cancer cell lines, breast (MCF-7), uterine (RL95-2), and prostate (LNCaP). Exposure to TCDD induced the CYP1A1 gene in all three cell lines. MCF-7 and RL95-2 cells showed(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds modulate various endocrine functions by enhancing ligand metabolism, altering hormone synthesis, down regulating receptor levels, and interfering with gene transcription. In the present study, we investigated the effects of TCDD on testosterone signal transduction pathways and vice versa in(More)
Protein aggregation and ordered fibrillar amyloid deposition inside and outside of the central nervous system cells is the common pathologic hallmark of most aging-related neurodegenerative disorders. Dominant mutations in the gene encoding superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) protein are linked to familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative(More)
Inhibition of polyglutamine-induced protein aggregation could provide treatment options for polyglutamine diseases such as Huntington disease. Here we showed through in vitro screening studies that various disaccharides can inhibit polyglutamine-mediated protein aggregation. We also found that various disaccharides reduced polyglutamine aggregates and(More)
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in various cancer cell lines, which is considered to be an important mechanism for their anti-tumor activity and prevention of carcinogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms through which these compounds induce apoptosis are not well understood. Here we(More)
  • N R Jana
  • 2008
Regular use of aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been associated with decreased incidence of cancer of the colon and other gastrointestinal organs. The chemopreventive properties of NSAIDs are due to their ability to induce apoptosis. Both COX-2-dependent and COX-2-independent mechanisms are involved in NSAIDs-induced(More)