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STUDY OBJECTIVE To review evidence on sleep and alertness in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) controlling for potential confounding factors. METHODS A PubMed search. Studies using ADHD diagnostic criteria other than DSM-III-R or IV and studies not excluding or controlling for psychiatric comorbidity or medication status were(More)
Stress has been proposed as a possible precipitating factor for the development of Type 1 diabetes in genetically susceptible individuals. A validated in-depth psychometric instrument (The Life Events and Difficulties Schedule) was used to investigate the role of psychosocial factors in the onset of Type 1 diabetes in islet cell antibody (ICA)-positive(More)
Unemployment was examined in a random sample of diabetic clinic attenders and a group of non-diabetic control subjects aged 17-65 years, selected from eight different centres in Great Britain. Data on employment were obtained using a postal questionnaire and medical details were collected from diabetic clinic notes. Out of a 61% response rate, 22% of males(More)
A survey of employment problems in a random sample of diabetic patients and a group of control subjects aged 17-65 years was carried out in eight centres in the UK. Data were linked to information collected from patients' diabetic clinic notes relating to the presence and treatment of any diabetic complications and quality of diabetic control. Difficulties(More)
Simulation has become practical as an everyday tool given the wide availability of high performance workstations. We argue that simulation can play an important role in determining the number of patients required in a survival study, particularly if the assumption of proportional hazards does not hold, or if the study design is complex. The argument is(More)
In order to examine the knowledge and attitude of employers to diabetes and diabetic employees, a questionnaire was sent to a random sample of approximately 2500 businesses and industries in eight different areas of the United Kingdom. Information was collected on the employment of people with diabetes, such as sickness absence, suitability of types of job(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the importance of temperature, light, agitation, and regular withdrawal of insulin on the rates of appearance of three groups of insulin transformation products (ITPs) in vials of human and beef soluble insulin. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twelve insulin-treated patients (6 receiving human soluble insulin, 6 receiving beef soluble(More)
Clinical trials in oncology often allow patients randomized to placebo to cross over to the active treatment arm after disease progression, leading to underestimation of the treatment effect on overall survival as per the intention-to-treat analysis. We illustrate the statistical aspects and practical use of the rank-preserving structural failure time(More)
In proportional hazards survival studies, power depends on the observed number of deaths, d*. For a given choice of survival, loss, and patient entry distributions, sample sizes can be determined by equating d* to the expected number of deaths. Approximating the survival and loss distributions with piecewise exponential distributions, and patient entry with(More)
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