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This review paper discusses the role of haptics within virtual medical training applications, particularly, where it can be used to aid a practitioner to learn and practice a task. The review summarizes aspects to be considered in the deployment of haptics technologies in medical training. First, both force/torque and tactile feedback hardware solutions(More)
There is growing interest in utilising virtual environments (VEs) in the context of sports. In particular there is a desire to be able to improve sensorimotor skills rather than just using a VE as a tool for strategy analysis, or entertainment. The range of skills required across all different sports is very large and varied. This review of the(More)
Mastoidectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures relating to the petrous bone. In this paper we describe our preliminary results in the realization of a virtual reality mastoidectomy simulator. Our system is designed to work on patient-specific volumetric object models directly derived from 3D CT and MRI images. The paper summarizes the detailed(More)
The Department of Chemistry and the School of Informatics at the University of Wales, Bangor are working together to create tools for the visualization of molecular quantum dynamics. This paper presents the results of our initial work. A prototype Molecular Visualiser (MV) application has been developed based on Web3D standards, plus extensions for support(More)
If we were to have a Grid infrastructure for visualization, what technologies would be needed to build such an infrastructure, what kind of applications would benefit from it, and what challenges are we facing in order to accomplish this goal? In this report, we make use of the term 'visual supercomputing' to encapsulate a subject domain concerning the(More)
PURPOSE We present here a simulator for interventional radiology focusing on percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC). This procedure consists of inserting a needle into the biliary tree using fluoroscopy for guidance. METHODS The requirements of the simulator have been driven by a task analysis. The three main components have been identified: the(More)
PURPOSE Commercial interventional radiology vascular simulators emulate instrument navigation and device deployment, though none supports the Seldinger technique, which provides initial access to the vascular tree. This paper presents a novel virtual environment for teaching this core skill. METHODS Our simulator combines two haptic devices: vessel(More)
The medical domain provides excellent opportunities for the application of computer graphics, visualization and virtual environments, with the potential to help improve healthcare and bring benefits to patients. This survey paper provides a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in this exciting field. It has been written from the perspective of(More)