Nigel R. T. Pashley

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OBJECTIVE To describe our experience using laser excision and locally injected mumps vaccine to induce remission in patients with recurrent respiratory papilloma (RRP). SETTING Tertiary care regional medical center. PARTICIPANTS Initially, 11 children with RRP treated in a pilot study with laser excision at regular intervals for at least a year without(More)
Retropharyngeal abscess is a rather rare, deep-neck infection of children and may seriously compromise the airway and mimic other diseases. A retrospective review of 17 cases of retropharyngeal abscess presenting to The Children's Hospital, Denver, from 1976 to 1986 was performed. Nine children (56%) had stridor or airway obstruction. Seven patients (41%)(More)
Placement of tympanostomy tubes is the most frequently performed otolaryngologic procedure. The common practice is to forbid swimming and to recommend limitation of liquids entering the external auditory canal based upon the premise that liquids entering the external auditory canal will pass freely into the middle ear space via the tube and thus contaminate(More)
Thirty neonates with acquired airway stenosis were treated between 1975 and 1979 at the C. S. Mott Children's Hospital of the University of Michigan. Neonates surviving a period of ventilation are at risk of developing subglottic stenosis (8.3%). The stenosis is often severe. Children with respiratory distress syndrome and/or neurologic disorders were(More)
Children born prematurely are now enjoying improved survival with advances in neonatology and ventilatory support. A study of upper airway size in specimens from 39 prematurely born children reveals 7.7% having a cricoid ring diameter greater or equal to the diameter of the tracheal rings. The more commonly expected relationship of the cricoid ring being(More)
Sudden hearing loss from simultaneous rupture of both oval and round windows, occurring in the only hearing ear of a child, is described. The condition was surgically managed with recovery of hearing. Of particular note was the presence of air aspirated into the labyrinth at the time of membrane rupture, which has not previously been described. The possible(More)
Acute epiglottitis is the most treacherous inflammatory process that can affect the respiratory tract. It can be a cause of sudden death in children. The clinical features of this entity are reviewed and our experience with its management at The Montreal Children's Hospital during the past 25 years is presented. The establishment of a "secure" airway by(More)
Anterior cricoidotomy or "cricoid split" was described in 1980 as an open incisional procedure for failed extubation in neonates. In the past year, we modified the technique to an endoscopic-percutaneous cricoidotomy in 22 patients. We broadened the eligible population to include children with a mature membranous stenosis or a congenital subglottic(More)
Dermoid cysts of the floor of the mouth are very rare in children. True dermoid cysts occur in this site in less than 2% of all such cysts including those presenting in adults. Four massive (5-8 cm diameter) such cysts in children, which by virtue of their size threatened the airway, are reported. In the four cases reported, each demonstrated a distinct(More)