Nigel Paul Shankley

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Department of Physiology and Pharmacology (S.J.H.), Medical School, Queen’s Medical Centre, Nottingham, England; Department of Chemistry (C.R.G.), University College London, Christopher Ingold Laboratories, London, England; Department of Pharmacochemistry (H.T.), Leiden/Amsterdam Center for Drug Research, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;(More)
An operational model of pharmacological agonism has been analysed to predict the behaviour of rectangular hyperbolic and non-hyperbolic agonist-concentration effect, E/[A], curves with variation in receptor concentration, [Ro]. Irreversible antagonism is predicted to cause E/[A] curve gradient changes in non-hyperbolic cases but not in hyperbolic cases; in(More)
Recently, it was demonstrated that 5-HT induces relaxation of human colon circular muscle through activation of 5-HT(4) receptors and 5-HT(7) receptors. The aim of the current study was to develop a new in vitro bioassay of human colon that would facilitate the pharmacological analysis of 5-HT responses mediated solely by 5-HT(4) receptors. Contracting(More)
Obestatin was recently described as a bioactive peptide encoded for by the same gene as ghrelin but with opposite actions on food intake. Although some groups have confirmed these findings others find no effect. We investigated the effect of obestatin on feeding in rodents over a wide range of doses. Acute administration of obestatin inhibited feeding at(More)
The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) enzymes represent novel targets for the treatment of anemia, ulcerative colitis, and ischemic and metabolic disease inter alia. We have identified a novel small-molecule inhibitor of PHD, 1-(5-chloro-6-(trifluoromethoxy)-1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid (JNJ-42041935), through(More)
CONTEXT Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been shown to induce rapid and durable reversal of type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate a possible mechanism for the remission of type 2 diabetes after RYGB. DESIGN A cross-sectional, nonrandomized, controlled study was conducted. Surgery patients were studied before RYGB and 1 wk(More)
The effects of agonists with endothelin (ET) ET(A)-receptor activity have been analysed in relation to their interaction with ET(B) receptors in rat mesenteric arteries. ET-1, sarafotoxin 6b (S6b) and ET-3 induced large, slow-onset and sustained contractions whereas S6c induced weak transient contractions. However, following pre-contraction with U46619 and(More)
1. The binding of the selective histamine H3-receptor agonist ([3H]-R-alpha-methylhistamine) to sites in guinea-pig cerebral cortex and ileum longitudinal muscle myenteric plexus has been characterized and a comparison made of the apparent affinities of a series of H3-receptor ligands. 2. Saturation analysis suggested that [3H]-R-alpha-methylhistamine(More)
In the light of recent attempts to subclassify muscarinic receptors, agonist-antagonist interactions at muscarinic receptors have been re-examined using improved techniques, on the mouse, isolated, lumen-perfused stomach gastric acid assay. Using 5-methylfurmethide as the muscarinic agonist, the pKB estimated for atropine was significantly lower on the(More)