Nigel Mackman

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Lipopolysaccharide (LPS [endotoxin]) is the principal component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Recent studies have elucidated how LPS is recognized by monocytes and macrophages of the innate immune system. Human monocytes are exquisitely sensitive to LPS and respond by expressing many inflammatory cytokines. LPS binds to LPS-binding(More)
Granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages of the myeloid lineage are the chief cellular agents of innate immunity. Here, we have examined the inflammatory response in mice with conditional knockouts of the hypoxia responsive transcription factor HIF-1alpha, its negative regulator VHL, and a known downstream target, VEGF. We find that activation of HIF-1alpha(More)
Mammalian Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are expressed on innate immune cells and respond to the membrane components of Gram-positive or Gram-negative bacteria. When activated, they convey signals to transcription factors that orchestrate the inflammatory response. However, the intracellular signaling events following TLR activation are largely unknown. Here we(More)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major cause of cardiovascular death. The sequence of events that promote DVT remains obscure, largely as a result of the lack of an appropriate rodent model. We describe a novel mouse model of DVT which reproduces a frequent trigger and resembles the time course, histological features, and clinical presentation of DVT in(More)
Monocytes and macrophages express cytokines and procoagulant molecules in various inflammatory diseases. In sepsis, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria induces tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and tissue factor (TF) in monocytic cells via the activation of the transcription factors Egr-1, AP-1, and nuclear factor-kappa B. However,(More)
Biosynthesis of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is predominantly by cells of the monocytic lineage. This study examined the role of various cis-acting regulatory elements in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction of the human TNF-alpha promoter in cells of monocytic lineage. Functional analysis of monocytic THP-1 cells transfected with plasmids(More)
Activation of the zinc-finger transcription factor early growth response (Egr)-1, initially linked to developmental processes, is shown here to function as a master switch activated by ischemia to trigger expression of pivotal regulators of inflammation, coagulation and vascular hyperpermeability. Chemokine, adhesion receptor, procoagulant and(More)
Tissue factor (TF) is the primary cellular initiator of blood coagulation and a modulator of angiogenesis and metastasis in cancer. Indeed, systemic hypercoagulability in patients with cancer and TF overexpression by cancer cells are both closely associated with tumor progression, but their causes have been elusive. We now report that in human colorectal(More)
Escherichia coli hemolysin is secreted as a water-soluble polypeptide of Mr 107,000. After binding to target erythrocytes, the membrane-bound toxin resembled an integral membrane protein in that it was refractory towards extraction with salt solutions of low ionic strength. Toxin-induced hemolysis could be totally inhibited by addition of 30 mM dextran 4(More)
Tissue factor (TF) is best known as the primary cellular initiator of blood coagulation. After vessel injury, the TF:FVIIa complex activates the coagulation protease cascade, which leads to fibrin deposition and activation of platelets. TF deficiency causes embryonic lethality in the mouse and there have been no reports of TF deficiency in humans. These(More)