Nigel M Bass

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Experimental animals that had been given excess iron in their diet were studied by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in vivo and by magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy in vitro. Hepatic iron overload in patients with transfusional iron excess was studied by MR imaging, and isolated iron protein fractions were studied in vitro by MR spectroscopy. The spin(More)
Experimental animal models of hepatitis, fatty liver, and hepatic iron overload were evaluated using a 3.5-kGauss nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging system. Increases in image intensity measurements and in T2 relaxation times equalled the sensitivity of histologic findings for the detection of early stages of hepatitis. A significant shift in T1(More)
The prevalence of patent foramen ovale in patients presenting with non-haemorrhagic stroke or transient ischaemic attacks under the age of 40 years was determined by contrast echocardiography. Studies were performed at rest and with a Valsalva manoeuvre in 40 stroke patients and in an age and sex matched control group. Right-to-left shunting was found in 20(More)
In a double-blind trial of streptokinase for acute myocardial infarction, 219 consecutive patients presenting with infarction within four hours (mean, 3.0 +/- 0.8) of the onset of chest pain were randomly assigned to treatment with streptokinase (1.5 million units) or placebo, given intravenously over 30 minutes. The primary end point of the study was left(More)
Thirty people with classical or definite rheumatoid arthritis received laser exposure to a Q-switch neodymium laser that operated at 1.06 micrometer with an output of 15 joules/cm2 for 30 nsec. One hand was lased at the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) and metacarpal phalangeal (MCP) joints, whereas the other hand was sham lased. The patient, physician, and(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a brain disorder that often results from cirrhosis due to viral hepatitis, metabolic and alcohol-related liver disease, and is characterised by cognitive, psychiatric and motor impairments. Recurrent bouts of overt HE negatively impact daily functioning and quality of life. AIM To evaluate the effect of rifaximin(More)
A cluster of eight patients in two adjacent hospital wards acquired acute diarrhoea within a period of 11 days. All their stool samples contained Clostridium difficile toxin and C. difficile was isolated in every case. Three patients had rectal biopsy findings compatible with pseudomembranous colitis (PMC). All the patients responded to treatment with oral(More)
Cranial computed tomograms of 12 patients with proven Wilson's disease were correlated with clinical disturbances. CT abnormalities occurred only in the eight patients with neurological manifestations. The presence of atrophy and low density lesions of the basal ganglia shown on CT correlated well with clinical signs of extrapyramidal dysfunction. Cerebral(More)
Two West Indian patients with Kveim-biopsy proven sarcoidosis developed chronic cholestatic liver disease, clinically and biochemically similar to primary biliary cirrhosis. Liver histology revealed multiple granulomas with reduction in bile ducts and, in one patient, progression to biliary cirrhosis. Portal hypertension was present in both patients leading(More)