Nigel Livingston

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A novel A-Ci curve (net CO2 assimilation rate of a leaf -An- as a function of its intercellular CO2 concentration -Ci) analysis method (Plant, Cell & Environment 27, 137-153, 2004) was used to estimate the CO2 transfer conductance (gi) and the maximal carboxylation (Vcmax) and electron transport (Jmax) potentials of ageing, non-senescing Pseudotsuga(More)
In general, stomatal density (SD) decreases when plants are grown at high CO2 concentrations. Recent studies suggest that signals produced from mature leaves regulate the SD of expanding leaves. To determine the underlying driver of these signals in poplar (Populus trichocarpaxP. deltoides) saplings, a cuvette system was used whereby the environment around(More)
We tested the hypothesis that transfer conductance (gi) of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) seedlings is reduced by water stress. Seedlings were irrigated with a solution of 25% polyethylene glycol so as to impose water stress rapidly, thereby limiting acclimatory responses. Transfer conductance was measured pre-treatment and(More)
There is a growing interest in the use of Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU)-based systems that employ gyroscopes for gait analysis. We describe an improved IMU-based gait analysis processing method that uses gyroscope angular rate reversal to identify the start of each gait cycle during walking. In validation tests with six subjects with Parkinson disease(More)
Effects of drying and cryopreservation on survival of spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss and Picea glauca x engelmannii complex) somatic embryos (SEs) were investigated with the aim of developing simple and robust protocols for embryo storage. Somatic embryos dried over salt solutions of known water potential (Psi) survived removal of virtually all free(More)
Experiments were conducted on 1-year-old western red cedar (Thuja plicata Donn.) seedlings to determine the response of illuminated foliage to reversible changes in total photosynthetic foliage area (L(A)). Reductions in L(A) were brought about by either shading the lower foliage or by reducing the ambient CO2 concentration (c(a)) of the air surrounding the(More)
The temporal distribution of soil nutrients is heterogeneous, and thus the uptake, storage and later remobilization of brief nutrient pulses may be critical for growth in nutrient-limited habitats. We investigated the response of photosynthesis and the major nitrogen (N) fractions in needles of 2-year-old Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness of a new method of using Independent Component Analysis (ICA) and k-means clustering to increase the signal-to-noise ratio of Event-Related Potential (ERP) measurements while permitting standard statistical comparisons to be made despite the inter-subject variations characteristic of ICA. METHODS Per-subject ICA(More)
Current Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) systems designed to recognize dysarthric speech require an investment in training that involves considerable effort and must be repeated if speech patterns change. We present CanSpeak, a customizable speech recognition interface that does not require automatic training and uses a list of keywords customized for(More)