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PURPOSE To examine the influence of dietary protein on lean body mass loss and performance during short-term hypoenergetic weight loss in athletes. METHODS In a parallel design, 20 young healthy resistance-trained athletes were examined for energy expenditure for 1 wk and fed a mixed diet (15% protein, 100% energy) in the second week followed by a(More)
While in vitro work has revealed that dehydration and hyperthermia can elicit increased cellular and oxidative stress, in vivo research linking dehydration, hyperthermia, and oxidative stress is limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exercise-induced dehydration with and without hyperthermia on oxidative stress. Seven healthy(More)
In adults the cranium is a rigid bony vault of fixed size and therefore the intra-cranial volume is a constant which equals the sum of the volume of the brain, the intra-cranial volume of CSF and the intra-cranial volume of blood. There can be marked changes in the volumes of these three intra-cranial compartments which may influence susceptibility to brain(More)
The diffuse plasma that fills galaxy groups and clusters (the intracluster medium, hereafter ICM) is a by-product of galaxy formation. The present thermal state of this gas results from a competition between gas cooling and heating. The heating comes from two distinct sources: gravitational heating associated with the collapse of the dark matter halo and(More)
This case report describes multiple phantom feet in a child after amputation of a leg. The subject is a 16-year-old girl who was born with a right leg 10 cm shorter than the left and who at the age of 6 was amputated below the right knee so that she could wear a prosthesis that would give her normal mobility. The girl reports that she subsequently(More)
OBJECTIVE To test specific standards set in the newly established cleft lip and palate service in three regions of the U.K. The standards relate to record collection and outcomes. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. PATIENTS Records of 31 children, 5 years of age, who were born in 1997 with complete unilateral clefts of lip and palate and were treated by(More)
  • Elizabeth J. Tasker, Riccardo Brunino, +5 authors Tom Theuns
  • 2008
We test four commonly used astrophysical simulation codes; Enzo, Flash, Gadget and Hydra, using a suite of numerical problems with analytic initial and final states. Situations similar to the conditions of these tests, a Sod shock, a Sedov blast and both a static and translating King sphere occur commonly in astrophysics, where the accurate treatment of(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to examine the effects of reduced CHO but high postexercise fat availability on cell signaling and expression of genes with putative roles in regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis, lipid metabolism, and muscle protein synthesis. METHODS Ten males completed a twice per day exercise model (3.5 h between sessions) comprising morning(More)
BACKGROUND The consumption of fresh fruit & vegetable in concentrate form (FVC) have recently become an alternative approach to combating excessive renal acid loads often associated with Western Diets. Additionally, these FVC's have been purported to induce metabolic alkalosis, which perhaps may enhance the blood buffering capacity of an individual.(More)
We use a large suite of carefully controlled full hydrodynamic simulations to study the ram pressure stripping of the hot gaseous halos of galaxies as they fall into massive groups and clusters. The sensitivity of the results to the orbit, total galaxy mass, and galaxy structural properties is explored. For typical structural and orbital parameters, we find(More)