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In the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. strain WH7803, PstS is a 32-kDa cell wall-associated phosphate-binding protein specifically synthesized under conditions of restricted inorganic phosphate (P1) availability (D. J. Scanlan, N. H. Mann, and N. G. Carr, Mol. Microbiol. 10:181-191, 1993). We have assessed its use as a potential diagnostic marker(More)
Ferrets are widely used to study human influenza virus infection. Their airway physiology and cell receptor distribution makes them ideal for the analysis of pathogenesis and virus transmission, and for testing the efficacy of anti-influenza interventions and vaccines. The 2009 pandemic influenza virus (H1N1pdm09) induces mild to moderate respiratory(More)
The M2-1 protein of the important pathogen human respiratory syncytial virus is a zinc-binding transcription antiterminator that is essential for viral gene expression. We present the crystal structure of full-length M2-1 protein in its native tetrameric form at a resolution of 2.5 Å. The structure reveals that M2-1 forms a disk-like assembly with(More)
BACKGROUND Francisella tularensis causes tularaemia, a life-threatening zoonosis, and has potential as a biowarfare agent. F. tularensis subsp. tularensis, which causes the most severe form of tularaemia, is usually confined to North America. However, a handful of isolates from this subspecies was obtained in the 1980s from ticks and mites from Slovakia and(More)
The extent of the deactivation of the mitochondrial succinate dehydrogenase by oxaloacetate is a function of the redox state of the enzyme. Oxidized enzyme is deactivated by much lower concentrations of oxaloacetate than those needed to deactivate reduced enzyme. An accurate method for measuring this relationship is the redox titration of the enzymic(More)
Glutamine synthetase (GS) inactivation was observed in crude cell extracts and in the high-speed supernatant fraction from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 following the addition of ammonium ions, glutamine, or glutamate. Dialysis of the high-speed supernatant resulted in loss of inactivation activity, but this could be restored by the(More)
We determined the role of Yersinia pestis virulence markers in an animal model of pneumonic plague. Eleven strains of Y. pestis were characterized using PCR assays to detect the presence of known virulence genes both encoded by the three plasmids as well as chromosomal markers. The virulence of all Y. pestis strains was compared in a mouse model for(More)
The Mud technology of Groisman and Casadaban was adapted to the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942. A new high-CO2-requiring (hcr) mutant, hcr Mu28 was isolated following the integration of the Mud element 89 bp upstream of ORFI, at the 5'-flanking region of the rbc operon, which encodes RuBP carboxylase/oxygenase (Rubisco). The integration involved(More)
AIMS To determine whether microarray analysis could be employed for the differential identification of a range of environmental Bacillus sp. from four strains of Bacillus anthracis. METHODS AND RESULTS Oligonucleotide probes were designed that were specific to virulence factor genes of B. anthracis (pag, lef and cap), the variable number tandem repeat(More)
The ability of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC6803 to transport inorganic carbon in the form of bicarbonate rapidly decreased following a shift from bicarbonate-limited growth to either excess bicarbonate supply or to photoheterotrophic growth on glucose. Nonmetabolizable analogs of glucose did not exert this effect. The rate at which the bicarbonate(More)