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Excessive drinkers (141) identified in medical settings who were not seeking help for an alcohol problem completed a questionnaire based on Prochaska and DiClemente's stages of change model. Principal components analysis revealed a clear factor structure corresponding to the 'precontemplation', 'contemplation' and 'action' stages of change. On this basis, a(More)
The initiation and maintenance of substantial behaviour change is required to reduce the spread of HIV infection among the intravenous drug-using population. In order to ascertain the efficacy of interventions aimed at reducing HIV-related risk-taking behaviour among this population, valid and reliable (yet preferably short) instruments for measuring such(More)
Physiological responses and self-reported desire for alcohol were compared in heavy (n = 21) and light (n = 29) drinkers under each of two cue conditions. The cues were presented in a counterbalanced order and consisted of the sight, smell and taste of the subject's preferred alcoholic beverage (alcohol cue) and of a nonalcoholic lemon-flavored drink(More)
The aim of the paper is to explore whether the division of borderline personality disorder, as described in the DSM classification, into impulsive and borderline subtypes of emotionally unstable personality disorder in the ICD classification of personality disorder, is a valid division. The self-report questionnaire responses of 288 referrals to a(More)
This study compares the injecting and sexual risk-taking behaviour among injecting drug users (IDUs) currently, previously and never enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). All subjects had injected during the 6 months prior to the day of interview. The current MMT group showed significantly lower injecting risk-taking behaviour subscale scores(More)
Dispute about the relative frequencies of abstinent and non-abstinent outcomes following alcoholism treatment cannot be resolved in the absence of consensually-agreed definitions of such outcome categories. A review of influential outcome studies reveals wide differences in how controlled drinking and even abstinence have been defined and it is reasonable(More)
Reactivity to Alcohol and Neutral Cues was compared in male, inpatient problem drinkers (N = 30). Subjects reported an overall desire not to drink alcohol which decreased in the presence of the Alcohol Cue. There were no cue-specific changes in heart rate, blood pressure and arousal level and a non-significant trend for increased stress in the Alcohol Cue(More)
Male drinkers (n = 45) were asked to rate their desire for a drink of alcohol when presented with the sight, smell and taste of their preferred alcoholic beverage and of a lemon cordial drink. The subjects' level of depressed affect on that day and their average daily consumption of alcohol over the last 30 days were measured prior to exposure to these(More)
Ninety-three heroin users in treatment rated the importance to their last relapse to heroin use of the 13 categories and subcategories of reasons for relapse identified by Marlatt and Gordon (1985). These subject ratings were compared with the consensual categorizations of two independent judges who coded subjects' descriptions of the same relapse episodes.(More)