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- Sally J. Wheelwright, S. Baron-Cohen, +5 authors Akio Wakabayashi
- Brain research
- 2006

BACKGROUND
Empathizing is a specific component of social cognition. Empathizing is also specifically impaired in autism spectrum condition (ASC). These are two dimensions, measurable using the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ). ASC also involves strong systemizing, a dimension measured using the Systemizing Quotient (SQ). The… (More)

- Kalin Vetsigian, Carl R. Woese, Nigel Goldenfeld
- Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
- 2006

A dynamical theory for the evolution of the genetic code is presented, which accounts for its universality and optimality. The central concept is that a variety of collective, but non-Darwinian, mechanisms likely to be present in early communal life generically lead to refinement and selection of innovation-sharing protocols, such as the genetic code. Our… (More)

Perturbative renormalization group theory is developed as a unified tool for global asymptotic analysis. With numerous examples, we illustrate its application to ordinary differential equation problems involving multiple scales, boundary layers with technically difficult asymptotic matching, and WKB analysis. In contrast to conventional methods, the… (More)

- Akio Wakabayashi, Simon Baron-Cohen, +5 authors Leonora G. Weil
- 2006

The empathizing–systemizing (E–S) theory has been tested using the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Systemizing Quotient (SQ). The present study tested n = 1761 students with these instruments, to determine if short versions of these scales could be constructed. This would be desirable both for faster assessment and to establish which are the key items on each… (More)

- Jea Hoon Jeong, Nigel Goldenfeld, Jonathan A. Dantzig
- Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and…
- 2001

We study the effect of fluid flow on three-dimensional (3D) dendrite growth using a phase-field model on an adaptive finite-element grid. In order to simulate 3D fluid flow, we use an averaging method for the flow problem coupled to the phase-field method and the semi-implicit approximated projection method (SIAPM). We describe a parallel implementation for… (More)

We compute time-dependent solutions of the sharp-interface model of dendritic solidification in two dimensions by using a level set method. The steady-state results are in agreement with solvability theory. Solutions obtained from the level set algorithm are compared with dendritic growth simulations performed using a phase-field model and the two methods… (More)

We show with several examples that renormalization group (RG) theory can be used to understand singular and reductive perturbation methods in a unified fashion. Amplitude equations describing slow motion dynamics in nonequilibrium phenomena are RG equations. The renormalized perturbation approach may be simpler to use than other approaches, because it does… (More)

Sex differences exist in empathizing (females showing a stronger drive than males), and this contrasts with sex differences in systemizing (males showing a stronger drive). Systemizing occurs when one analyses or constructs a system according to rules that govern that system. In this chapter we re-analyse data from the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and Systemizing… (More)

We study the evolution of solidification microstructures using a phase-field model computed on an adaptive, finite element grid. We discuss the details of our algorithm and show that it greatly reduces the computational cost of solving the phase-field model at low undercooling. In particular we show that the computational complexity of solving any… (More)

- Navot Israeli, Nigel Goldenfeld
- Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and…
- 2006

We study the predictability of emergent phenomena in complex systems. Using nearest-neighbor, one-dimensional cellular automata (CA) as an example, we show how to construct local coarse-grained descriptions of CA in all classes of Wolfram's classification. The resulting coarse-grained CA that we construct are capable of emulating the large-scale behavior of… (More)