Nigel G. F. Cooper

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The purpose of the study is to determine if expression or secretion of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in retinal ganglion cells (RGC-5) is mediated by NFkappaB or Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). RGC-5 cells were exposed to 1 mM glutamate for various periods of time, in the presence or absence of prospective regulatory(More)
Unlike mammals, teleost fishes are capable of regenerating sensory inner ear hair cells that have been lost following acoustic or ototoxic trauma. Previous work indicated that immediately following sound exposure, zebrafish saccules exhibit significant hair cell loss that recovers to pre-treatment levels within 14 days. Following acoustic trauma in the(More)
Cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding proteins (CPEBs) regulate translation by binding to regulatory motifs of defined mRNA targets. This translational mechanism has been shown to play a critical role in oocyte maturation, early development, and memory formation in the hippocampus. Little is known about the presence or functions of CPEBs in the(More)
The basic/helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins are important components of the transcriptional regulatory network, controlling a variety of biological processes, especially the development of the central nervous system. Until now, reports describing the regulatory network of the bHLH transcription factor (TF) family have been scarce. In order to understand the(More)
PURPOSE Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is involved in the pathology of many retinal disorders since it contributes to the death of retinal neurons and the subsequent decline in vision. We determined the molecular patterns of some of the principal molecules involved in necroptosis and investigated whether IR retinal injury is associated with the(More)
Microarrays have been used extensively to analyze the expression profiles for thousands of genes in parallel. Most of the widely used methods for analyzing Affymetrix Genechip microarray data, including RMA, GCRMA and Model Based Expression Index (MBEI), summarize probe signal intensity data to generate a single measure of expression for each transcript on(More)
Changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression patterns have been extensively characterized in several cancers, including human colon cancer. However, how these miRNAs and their putative mRNA targets contribute to the etiology of cancer is poorly understood. In this work, a bioinformatics computational approach with miRNA and mRNA expression data was used to(More)
Enhancements in sequencing technology have recently yielded assemblies of large genomes including rat, mouse, human, fruit fly, and zebrafish. The availability of large-scale genomic and genic sequence data coupled with advances in microarray technology have made it possible to study the expression of large numbers of sequence products under several(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine if calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase-II (CaMKII) plays a role in neuronal cell death and if inhibition of this kinase affords some neuroprotection in the RGC-5 retinal ganglion cell line. The RGC-5 cells were treated with glutamate at various concentrations for increasing increments of time. Cytotoxicity(More)
PURPOSE During N-methyl-d-aspartate-induced cell death in the neural retina, levels of the nuclear isoform of CaMKIIalpha, CaMKIIalphaB, previously reported to be detected only in the midbrain and diencephalon, become elevated. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether CaMKIIalphaB is present specifically in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and to(More)