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MAP kinase (relative molecular mass, 42,000), a low abundance serine--threonine protein kinase, is transiently activated in many cell types by a variety of mitogens, including insulin, epidermal growth factor, and phorbol esters. In vitro, MAP kinase will phosphorylate and reactivate S6 kinase II previously inactivated by phosphatase treatment. Because many(More)
OBJECTIVE There is an urgent need for a bedside method to assess the effectiveness of neonatal therapies designed to improve cerebral development in very low birth-weight infants. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of preterm birth on the serial growth of the corpus callosum and how soon it could be detected after birth with cranial ultrasound.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It is desirable to develop a bedside method for assessing cerebral development in the very premature infant to monitor the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving cerebral development. Our aim was to describe the growth trajectory of the corpus callosum (CC) on cranial sonography in very premature infants. METHODS We(More)
The energy spectrum of X-ray photons after passage through an absorber contains information about its elemental composition. Thus, tissue characterisation becomes feasible provided that absorption characteristics can be measured or differentiated. Dual-energy CT uses two X-ray spectra enabling material differentiation by analysing material-dependent(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate the time course of metabolic changes in leukaemia cells treated with the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib. Human Bcr-Abl(+) K562 cells were incubated with imatinib in a dose-escalating manner (starting at 0.1 microM with a weekly increase of 0.1 microM imatinib) for up to 5 weeks. Nuclear magnetic resonance(More)
  • A P H Butler, N G Anderson, R Tipples, N Cook, R Watts, J Meyer +3 others
  • 2008
The aim of this study is to review the clinical potential of spectroscopic X-ray detectors and to undertake a feasibility study using a novel detector in a clinical hospital setting. Detectors currently in development, such as Medipix-3, will have multiple energy thresholds allowing for routine use of spectroscopic bio-medical imaging. We have coined the(More)
We have examined the effects of cyclic AMP on the differentiation of 3T3-F442A preadipocytes. High concentrations of intracellular cyclic AMP potently inhibited differentiation whereas low concentrations of intracellular cyclic AMP, induced by a number of different agents, promoted differentiation. To analyse these effects of cyclic AMP more closely, we(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical assessment of gestational age for very-low-birth-weight infants is often inaccurate. Survival rates are more dependent on gestational age than on the birth weight. OBJECTIVE To assess whether cerebellar vermis diameter might predict gestational age in infants under 2,000 g and/or under 32 weeks' gestation. MATERIALS AND METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to correlate normal brain anatomy as seen on posterior fontanelle cranial sonography with anatomical sections of the premature infant brain. MATERIALS AND METHODS Images obtained from 93 cranial ultrasound examinations performed via both the anterior and posterior fontanelle in 53 infants, ranging in gestational age(More)
Overproduction of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHRP) occurs in a high proportion of primary breast cancers (PBC) and is strongly implicated in their metastatic spread to bone. Although the PTHRP-receptor (PTHRP-R) is often coexpressed with PTHRP in PBC, its role in regulating breast cancer cell proliferation and metastases to bone remains unclear.(More)