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Monocular deprivation normally alters ocular dominance in the visual cortex only during a postnatal critical period (20 to 32 days postnatal in mice). We find that mutations in the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) affect cessation of ocular dominance plasticity. In NgR-/- mice, plasticity during the critical period is normal, but it continues abnormally such that(More)
1. Receptive fields of centre surround cells in the rabbit retina were investigated. There is a clear distinction between cells with sluggish responses, low spontaneous activity and slow conduction velocity (centre surround sluggish cells) and cells with brisk responses, higher spontaneous activity and faster conduction velocity (X and Y cells). The(More)
1. Cats were monocularly deprived for 3 mo starting at 8-9 mo, 12 mo, 15 mo, and several years of age. Single cells were recorded in both visual cortexes of each cat, and the ocular dominance and layer determined for each cell. Ocular dominance histograms were then constructed for layers II/III, IV, and V/VI for each group of animals. 2. There was a(More)
1. The effects of picrotoxin and strychnine were tested on the receptive fields of direction sensitive cells, orientation sensitive cells, local edge detectors, uniformity detectors and large field units in the rabbit retina. 2. Picrotoxin eliminated the direction specificity and size specificity of 'on-off' and 'on' directionally sensitive cells for both(More)
1. Cholinergic drugs were infused into the retinal circulation of the rabbit while we analysed the receptive field properties of directionally sensitive retinal ganglion cells. Physostigmine eliminated the trigger feature, directional specificity, of both types (on-centre and on-off) of these cells. In this respect the action of physostigmine (an ACh(More)
The role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in cat visual cortex was studied as a function of both layer and age by iontophoresis of the NMDA antagonist (D)-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV). Effects on both visual responses and spontaneous activity were observed. In superficial layers (II and III), D-APV reduced visual responses substantially at(More)
  • N W Daw
  • The Journal of physiology
  • 1968
1. Receptive fields of colour-coded ganglion cells of the goldfish retina were investigated.2. Only a few cells (5%, Type P) were found to be as simple as those described by Wagner, MacNichol & Wolbarsht (1960, 1963), with an ;on' response to red light in the centre, and an ;off' response to green light over a rather wider area, or vice versa.3. Most cells(More)
  • N W Daw
  • Archives of ophthalmology
  • 1998
During the past 20 years, basic science has shown that there are different critical periods for different visual functions during the development of the visual system. Visual functions processed at higher anatomical levels within the system have a later critical period than functions processed at lower levels. This general principle suggests that treatments(More)
In this review, we have concentrated on the parallels between the cellular properties of the NMDA receptor and a variety of functional properties within sensory and motor systems. Of course, the NMDA channel exists within the cell in conjunction with a variety of other channels, including non-NMDA channels. Although the NMDA receptor is unique in a cellular(More)
1. The effects of picrotoxin and strychnine on the centre surround types of ganglion cell (X, Y, sluggish sustained and sluggish transient with on or off centres, and colour coded) were studied in the rabbit retina. 2. Picrotoxin changed the centre surround balance in favour of the centre for Y cells and sluggish transient cells but not for X cells or(More)