Nigel Clayton

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BACKGROUND Acute increases in nasal resistance are known to induce upper airway occlusion in predisposed subjects. With the limited efficacy of nasal surgery alone in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the relevance of chronically increased nasal resistance in the pathophysiologic features of OSA remains undetermined. METHODS Seventy-one(More)
The shuttle walk test (SWT) is a validated, incremental walking test for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, but not for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The measurement of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) is considered to be the gold standard measurement of functional capacity. This study examines the relationship between IPF patients'(More)
AIMS Diuretics, when used to treat congestion in patients with chronic heart failure, improve symptoms and, perhaps, prognosis but little information is available to guide their use in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) who are not congested. Chronic diuretic therapy causes persistent and potentially harmful neuroendocrine(More)
BACKGROUND The onset of irregular inspiratory muscle activity has been observed toward the breakpoint of the breath-holding maneuver. We wondered if this was similar to the increased respiratory effort with paradoxical breathing seen during the resolution of an apnea in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the breakpoint of(More)
Pulvinal is a novel DPI designed to deliver inhaled drugs to the airways. Previous in vitro and in vivo data has suggested that the peak inspiratory flow rate (PIFR), measured through Pulvinal, does not depend on the severity of expiratory airflow obstruction and that the lowest PIFR values seem sufficient to deliver an effective bronchodilator dose. To(More)
Plasma levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) are elevated in severe mitral regurgitation, but their relation to functional capacity and cardiac remodeling is not well defined. We evaluated the role of NT-pro-BNP as a marker of functional capacity, symptoms, and cardiac remodeling in 38 patients with severe degenerative mitral(More)
Spirometry is available in most GP surgeries and provides an invaluable tool for assessing respiratory function in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. Spirometry alone may not provide the clinician with an accurate assessment of lung disease as it misses two important measurements of lung volume. By measuring Residual Volume (RV) and(More)
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