Nieves Rodríguez-Cousiño

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Wine Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains producing a new killer toxin (Klus) were isolated. They killed all the previously known S. cerevisiae killer strains, in addition to other yeast species, including Kluyveromyces lactis and Candida albicans. The Klus phenotype is conferred by a medium-size double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) virus, Saccharomyces cerevisiae virus(More)
Most Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains carry in their cytoplasm 20 S RNA, a linear single-stranded RNA molecule of 2.5 kilobases in size. 20 S RNA copy number is greatly induced in stress conditions such as starvation, with up to 100,000 copies per cell. 20 S RNA has coding capacity for a protein of 91 kDa (p91) with sequences diagnostic of RNA-dependent RNA(More)
TOM22 is an integral component of the preprotein translocase of the mitochondrial outer membrane (TOM complex). The protein is anchored to the lipid bilayer by a central trans-membrane segment, thereby exposing the amino-terminal domain to the cytosol and the carboxyl-terminal portion to the intermembrane space. Here, we describe the sequence requirements(More)
Quick and accurate methods are required for the identification of industrial, environmental, and clinical yeast strains. We propose a rapid method for the simultaneous extraction of yeast mtDNA, nuclear DNA, and virus dsRNA. It is simpler, cheaper, and faster than the previously reported methods. It allows one to choose among a broad range of molecular(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae killer strains secrete a protein toxin active on nonkiller strains of the same (or other) yeast species. Different killer toxins, K1, K2, K28, and Klus, have been described. Each toxin is encoded by a medium-size (1.5- to 2.3-kb) M double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) located in the cytoplasm. M dsRNAs require L-A helper virus for(More)
Yeast killer viruses are widely distributed in nature. Several toxins encoded in double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) satellites of the L-A totivirus have been described, including K1, K2, K28, and Klus. The 4.6-kb L-A genome encodes the Gag major structural protein that forms a 39-nm icosahedral virion and Gag-Pol, a minor fusion protein. Gag-Pol has transcriptase(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains carry single-stranded RNAs called 20 S RNA and 23 S RNA. These RNAs and their double-stranded counterparts, W and T dsRNAs, have been cloned and sequenced. A few nucleotides at both ends, however, remained unknown. These RNAs do not encode coat proteins but their own RNA-dependent RNA polymerases that share a high degree of(More)
Most strains of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae harbor a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecule, called W. We obtained W cDNA clones by random priming of denatured W dsRNA followed by reverse transcription. Sequence data of W shows that only one strand ((+)-strand) has coding capacity for a protein with 829 amino acids which spans almost the entire length(More)