Niels Riedemann

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Sepsis remains a serious cause of morbidity and mortality, and the pathophysiology of the disease is not clear. The definition of the clinical manifestations of sepsis is ever evolving. This review discusses the search for effective therapeutic interventions, hurdles in translational sepsis research, and new therapies in development in current clinical(More)
Sepsis is among the most common causes of death in hospitals. It arises from the host response to infection. Currently, diagnosis relies on nonspecific physiological criteria and culture-based pathogen detection. This results in diagnostic uncertainty, therapeutic delays, the mis- and overuse of antibiotics, and the failure to identify patients who might(More)
The complement activation product, C5a, is a powerful phlogistic factor. Using antibodies to detect human or rat C5a, incubation at pH 7.4 of human blood neutrophils or rat alveolar macrophages (AMs) with C5 in the presence of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) led to generation of C5a. Rat AMs activated with lipopolysaccharide also generated C5a from(More)
Sepsis and trauma are the two most common causes of disseminated intravascular coagulation and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Both disseminated intravascular coagulation and the systemic inflammatory response syndrome often lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. The current studies have evaluated the relationship between the anaphylatoxin, C5a,(More)
During experimental sepsis in rodents after cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), excessive C5a is generated, leading to interactions with C5aR, loss of innate immune functions of neutrophils, and lethality. In the current study, we have analyzed the expression of the second C5a receptor C5L2, the putative "default" or nonsignaling receptor for C5a. Rat C5L2(More)
In most epithelia ion transport is tightly regulated. One major primary target of such regulation is the modulation of ion channels. The present brief review focuses on one specific example of ion channel regulation by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). CFTR functions as a cAMP-regulated Cl- channel. Its defect leads to the(More)
Experimental sepsis in rodents occurring after cecal ligation/puncture (CLP) is associated with excessive complement activation and a systemic inflammatory response. The proinflammatory mediator IL-6 has recently been shown to be an important inducer of the C5a receptor (C5aR) during sepsis. We now provide evidence that serum IL-6 production during sepsis(More)
We have previously shown that a new type of K+ channel, present in the basolateral membrane of the colonic crypt base (blm), is necessary for cAMP-activated Cl− secretion. Under basal conditions, and when stimulated by carbachol (CCH) alone, this channel is absent. In the present patch clamp-study we examined the ion channels present in the blm under(More)
Multiorgan apoptosis occurs during sepsis. Following cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in rats, thymocytes underwent apoptosis in a time-dependent manner. C5a blockade dramatically reduced thymocyte apoptosis as measured by thymic weight, binding of annexin V to thymocytes, and laddering of thymocyte DNA. When C5a was generated in vivo by infusion of(More)