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Information-processing speed (IPS) slowing is a primary cognitive deficit in multiple sclerosis (MS). Basal ganglia, thalamus and neocortex are thought to have a key role for efficient information-processing, yet the specific relative contribution of these structures for MS-related IPS impairment is poorly understood. To determine if basal ganglia and(More)
BACKGROUND The breakdown of the blood-brain-barrier vascular endothelium is critical for entry of immune cells into the MS brain. Vascular co-morbidities are associated with increased risk of progression. Dyslipidemia, elevated LDL and reduced HDL may increase progression by activating inflammatory processes at the vascular endothelium. OBJECTIVE To(More)
Understanding the importance of cortical lesions in MS pathogenesis has changed. Histopathologic studies using new immunohistochemical methods show that cortical lesions can be detected more frequently than previously reported. Newer MRI sequences also detect cortical lesions more accurately. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the effect of slice(More)
BACKGROUND Presented is the method "Detection and Outline Error Estimates" (DOEE) for assessing rater agreement in the delineation of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions. The DOEE method divides operator or rater assessment into two parts: 1) Detection Error (DE) -- rater agreement in detecting the same regions to mark, and 2) Outline Error (OE) -- agreement of(More)
The association between clinical outcomes and abnormal susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI)-filtered phase, indicative of increased iron content, as well as atrophy, was investigated in the subcortical deep-gray matter (SDGM) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. 149 relapsing-remitting (RR) and 61 secondary-progressive (SP) MS patients underwent SWI on a(More)
BACKGROUND Gray-matter (GM) atrophy is strongly predictive of cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The thalamus is the region where the atrophy/cognition correlation is most robust. However, few studies have assessed diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics within the thalamus. OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine if thalamus(More)
The aim of this study was to determine evolution of T1 unenhanced hypointense lesions (acute or chronic black holes (ABHs, CBHs)) by measuring their magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) changes over 12 months. 40 glatiramer acetate (GA)-naive patients with relapsing-remitting MS who presented with 1 or more contrast-enhancing lesions (CELs) at baseline(More)
The purpose of this research was to examine the extent of global brain atrophy and white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in early Parkinson's disease (PD) compared to normal controls (NC), to explore the relationship between the MRI variables and cognition in PD. In this multicenter study we included 155 PD patients (age 65.6 +/- 9.1 years, disease duration(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this paper is to assess abnormal phase values, indicative of increased iron content, using susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI)-filtered phase of the subcortical deep gray matter (SDGM) in adolescent multiple sclerosis (MS) and other neurological disorders (OND) patients, and in healthy controls (HC). METHODS Twenty adolescent(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Cognitive impairment, including impairment of episodic memory, is frequently found in newly diagnosed Parkinson's disease (PD). In this longitudinal observational study we investigated whether performance in memory encoding, retention, recognition and free recall is associated with reduced hippocampal radial distance. METHODS We(More)