Niels Oksbjerg

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The effects of various growth rates in pigs induced by four different feeding strategies on the activity of the calpain system and on postmortem (PM) muscle proteolysis and tenderness development were studied. An increased growth rate may be caused by an increased protein turnover, which results in up-regulated levels of proteolytic enzymes in vivo that, in(More)
Histo- and biochemical characteristics of the longissimus dorsi muscle at 65-70 kg body weight and their relationships to performance and meat quality at 100 kg were examined in Danish Landrace and Danish Large White female and castrated male pigs. Breed differences were observed for feed conversion rate, and a number of histochemical and biochemical(More)
The objective of this study was to examine how increased feed intake of the sow during early to mid-gestation affects sow performance and the muscle fiber number, performance, and technological meat quality of the offspring. Thirty-nine pregnant sows (Landrace x Large White sows mated to Landrace or Large White boars) in their fourth parity were assigned to(More)
This presentation aims to describe how the basic events in prenatal muscle development and postnatal muscle growth are controlled by the insulin-like growth factor system (IGF). The prenatal events (myogenesis) cover the rate of proliferation, the rate and extent of fusion, and the differentiation of three myoblast populations, giving rise to primary(More)
The continuous demand for high standards of quality assurance in the meat production of today and tomorrow calls for development of new tools capable of meeting such demands. The present paper aims to re-think the traditional way of using feeding as a quality control tool in the production of meat and to introduce the potential of a nutrigenomic approach as(More)
Forty-one autumn-born Friesian bull calves were allocated to two production systems (Extensive='E' and Intensive='I'). In the E-system, animals were loose-housed and fed a roughage-based diet from October to May, followed by a grazing period from May to October. Ten animals were slaughtered directly from pasture (360 kg BW) and 11 after a 10-week finishing(More)
Prenatal growth is very complex and a highly integrated process. Both maternal nutrition and the maternal somatotropic axis play a significant role in coordinating nutrient partitioning and utilization between maternal, placental and fetal tissues. Maternal nutrition may alter the nutrient concentrations and in turn the expression of growth regulating(More)
BACKGROUND Creatine is a key intermediate in energy metabolism and supplementation of creatine has been used for increasing muscle mass, strength and endurance. Creatine supplementation has also been reported to trigger the skeletal muscle expression of insulin like growth factor I, to increase the fat-free mass and improve cognition in elderly, and more(More)
Sixteen female pigs (Duroc x Landrace x Large White) were divided into 2 groups, which had either free access to the diet (control group) or were feed-restricted from d 28 to 80 and then had free access to the diet (compensatory growth group). The sensory analysis showed that the pigs exhibiting compensatory growth produced meat with increased tenderness(More)
AIMS Caffeic acid, naringenin and quercetin are naturally occurring phenolic compounds (PCs) present in many plants as secondary metabolites. The aim of this study was to investigate their effect on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in INS-1E cells and to explore their effect on expression of genes involved in β-cell survival and function under(More)