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Prenatal growth is very complex and a highly integrated process. Both maternal nutrition and the maternal somatotropic axis play a significant role in coordinating nutrient partitioning and utilization between maternal, placental and fetal tissues. Maternal nutrition may alter the nutrient concentrations and in turn the expression of growth regulating(More)
The objective of this study was to examine how increased feed intake of the sow during early to mid-gestation affects sow performance and the muscle fiber number, performance, and technological meat quality of the offspring. Thirty-nine pregnant sows (Landrace x Large White sows mated to Landrace or Large White boars) in their fourth parity were assigned to(More)
The effects of various growth rates in pigs induced by four different feeding strategies on the activity of the calpain system and on postmortem (PM) muscle proteolysis and tenderness development were studied. An increased growth rate may be caused by an increased protein turnover, which results in up-regulated levels of proteolytic enzymes in vivo that, in(More)
This presentation aims to describe how the basic events in prenatal muscle development and postnatal muscle growth are controlled by the insulin-like growth factor system (IGF). The prenatal events (myogenesis) cover the rate of proliferation, the rate and extent of fusion, and the differentiation of three myoblast populations, giving rise to primary(More)
The present study illustrates elements of the signal cascades involved in the activation of taurine efflux pathways in myotubes derived from skeletal muscle cells. Exposing primary skeletal muscle cells, loaded with (14)C-taurine, to 1) hypotonic media, 2) the phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activator melittin, 3) anoxia, or 4) lysophosphatidyl choline (LPC)(More)
Two experiments were conducted to examine the effect of porcine growth hormone (pGH) on performance, carcase composition, muscle and fat deposition rates, muscle fibre characteristics, and fat cell volume in pigs. In the first experiment, ten pairs of littermates were treated with vehicle (saline buffer) or 80 micrograms pGH per kg live weight per day for(More)
From a series of experiments aimed at manipulating and relating the resting levels of glycogen and creatine phosphate (CP) in the live muscle four models were selected to induce different rates and extents of pH decrease post mortem in pig muscle. Model A served as the control, animals being slaughtered under minimal stress, in model B animals were(More)
Histo- and biochemical characteristics of the longissimus dorsi muscle at 65-70 kg body weight and their relationships to performance and meat quality at 100 kg were examined in Danish Landrace and Danish Large White female and castrated male pigs. Breed differences were observed for feed conversion rate, and a number of histochemical and biochemical(More)
Forty-one autumn-born Friesian bull calves were allocated to two production systems (Extensive='E' and Intensive='I'). In the E-system, animals were loose-housed and fed a roughage-based diet from October to May, followed by a grazing period from May to October. Ten animals were slaughtered directly from pasture (360 kg BW) and 11 after a 10-week finishing(More)
To establish an adequate model to study the proliferation and differentiation of porcine skeletal muscle in response to bioactive compounds, a pool of satellite cells was derived from the semimembranosus muscle (SM) of newborn piglets using a Percoll gradient centrifugation. The final yield amounted to 4.1 × 106 cells/g muscle tissue. The percentage of(More)