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Understanding why some people establish and maintain effective control of HIV-1 and others do not is a priority in the effort to develop new treatments for HIV/AIDS. Using a whole-genome association strategy, we identified polymorphisms that explain nearly 15% of the variation among individuals in viral load during the asymptomatic set-point period of(More)
To extend the understanding of host genetic determinants of HIV-1 control, we performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 2,554 infected Caucasian subjects. The study was powered to detect common genetic variants explaining down to 1.3% of the variability in viral load at set point. We provide overwhelming confirmation of three associations(More)
BACKGROUND The expected survival of HIV-infected patients is of major public health interest. OBJECTIVE To estimate survival time and age-specific mortality rates of an HIV-infected population compared with that of the general population. DESIGN Population-based cohort study. SETTING All HIV-infected persons receiving care in Denmark from 1995 to(More)
BACKGROUND There are concerns about highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) causing a progressive increase in the risk of ischemic heart disease. We examined this issue in a nationwide cohort study of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and a population-based control group. METHODS We determined the rate of first(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed mortality attributable to smoking among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS We estimated mortality rates (MRs), mortality rate ratios (MRRs), life expectancies, life-years lost, and population-attributable risk of death associated with smoking and with HIV among current and nonsmoking individuals from a(More)
This multicentre prospective study was conducted to investigate whether the level of the soluble form of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is elevated during pneumococcal bacteraemia and is of predictive value in the early stage of the disease. Plasma levels of suPAR were increased significantly (median 5.5; range 2.4-21.0 ng/mL) in 141(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection predisposes to progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Here, we describe the incidence, presentation, and prognosis of PML in HIV-1-infected patients during the period before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) (1995-1996) and during the early HAART (1997-1999) and late HAART(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of predominant pathogens and their association with outcome are of importance for the management of lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). As antibiotic therapy is indicated in pneumonia and not in acute bronchitis, a predictor of pneumonia is needed. AIM To describe the aetiology and outcome of LRTI in adults with pneumonic and(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired renal function is of major concern in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. METHODS We used a mixed effects linear regression model to determine estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) in a population-based cohort of incident Danish HIV patients and stratified on baseline eGFR (eGFR(B)) < 90 and ≥ 90 ml/min per(More)
Multiple genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been performed in HIV-1 infected individuals, identifying common genetic influences on viral control and disease course. Similarly, common genetic correlates of acquisition of HIV-1 after exposure have been interrogated using GWAS, although in generally small samples. Under the auspices of the(More)