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PURPOSE Current strategies to create small-diameter vascular grafts involve seeding biocompatible, compliant scaffolds with autologous vascular cells. Our purpose was to study the composition and strength of decellularized vein to determine its potential as a vascular tissue-engineering scaffold. METHODS Intact human greater saphenous vein specimens were(More)
Seventy six children with documented Fanconi-type idiopathic infantile hypercalcaemia were studied and compared with 41 with the Williams-Beuren syndrome. Clinical comparison showed, as expected, very close similarities but also considerable differences, particularly in the severity of feeding problems and the degree of failure to thrive. The estimated(More)
Aneurysm of the carotid artery following endarterectomy is a rare entity that historically has required reoperation. Endovascular deployment of a covered stent can theoretically exclude an aneurysm while minimizing the risks seen with reoperation. Herein, we review the scientific literature on this evolving technique and report an additional case involving(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive care units (ICUs) function frequently at capacity, requiring incoming critically ill patients to be placed in alternate geographically distinct ICUs. In some medical ICU populations, "boarding" in an overflow ICU has been associated with increased mortality. We hypothesized that surgical ICU patients experience more complications when(More)
An investigation of the psychological characteristics of 44 children aged 6-16 years with documented evidence of idiopathic infantile hypercalcaemia revealed cognitive abilities and behavioural patterns which distinguish these children from other mentally handicapped groups. The children were all mildly to severely mentally handicapped, but exhibited(More)
A sample of 23 children aged seven to 12 years with diagnoses of infantile hypercalcaemia was assessed on a battery of psychological tests and rating scales in an attempt to describe the psychological characteristics of this disorder. All children were found to have a mild or moderate degree of mental handicap. As a group, their expressive language skills(More)
A new method has been developed to evaluate the relative thrombogenicity of vascular catheters. The technique provides a means to quantitatively differentiate between catheters made from different polymeric materials. Autologous In-111 labeled platelets were infused into a dog model and catheters were then inserted into the external jugular vein of the dog.(More)
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) has become the modality of choice for providing enteral access to patients who require long-term enteral nutrition. Although generally considered safe, PEG tube placement can be associated with many potential complications. This review describes a variety of PEG tube related complications as well as strategies for(More)
BACKGROUND Aging patients constitute an increasing proportion of patients treated at trauma centers. Previous and existing guidelines addressing care of the injured elder have not adequately addressed emerging data regarding optimal means for undertaking triage decisions, correcting coagulopathy, and the limitations of supraphysiologic resuscitation. (More)
OBJECTIVE Residual subclavian vein stenosis after thoracic outlet decompression in patients with venous thoracic outlet syndrome is often treated with postoperative percutaneous angioplasty (PTA). However, interval recurrent thrombosis before postoperative angioplasty is performed can be a vexing problem. Therefore we initiated a prospective trial at 2(More)