Niels Haugaard

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Urinary bladder outlet obstruction is a common medical problem. In order to understand the effects of outlet obstruction on bladder morphology, physiology, and pharmacology, several animal models of obstruction have been developed using a variety of species. Although there are marked differences in bladder size, capacity, compliance, physiology, and(More)
The current study investigated the relationship between duration of outlet obstruction, magnitude of bladder mass, and functional dysfunction on the rabbit urinary bladder. Following the production of obstruction with the "cuff model", bladder wet weight increased to twice control weight within one week, and then slowly to four times control weight by one(More)
Bladder outlet obstruction has been shown to cause detrusor contractile dysfunction. To determine if alterations in bladder metabolism may in part underlie these functional defects, we investigated the effects of mild outlet obstruction on the glucose metabolism of the rabbit urinary bladder. Mild outlet obstruction was created in mature male rabbits by the(More)
Bladder outlet obstruction has been the subject of numerous studies. In previous studies on severe obstruction, the initial response of the bladder has been to produce an acute overdistension of the bladder resulting in severe tissue damage and functional disorders. This is quite different from the slow onset of outlet obstruction seen in association with(More)
Partial outlet obstruction of the rabbit bladder induces a rapid and significant increase in bladder mass. This increase in mass is associated with a variety of specific contractile dysfunctions, characterized by a marked decrease in the response to field stimulation (acting through the release of neurogenic transmitters). There is histological evidence(More)
OBJECTIVES In the rabbit, two of the major cellular alterations that mediate bladder dysfunction secondary to partial outlet obstruction are a decreased ability of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) to store and release Ca2+, and mitochondrial dysfunction. The objective of the current study was to determine whether SR and mitochondrial dysfunctions are(More)
The two functions of the urinary bladder is to store urine at low intravesical pressures, and to periodically expel the urine through a coordinated contraction of the bladder and relaxation of the urethra. To a large extent, urinary bladder function depends upon the underlying structure of the organ as a whole, particularly on the inter-relationships among(More)
Tadenan (Debat Laboratories, France) is a plant extract used in Europe for the treatment of micturition disorders associated with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). Prior studies demonstrated that pretreatment of rabbits with Tadenan significantly reduced the contractile dysfunction observed after 2 weeks of partial outlet obstruction. The specific aim of(More)
The contractile response of the smooth muscle of the urinary bladder is dependent upon both the entrance of extracellular calcium through receptor-operated calcium channels and the stimulated release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. In addition, partial outlet obstruction induces marked alterations in the utilization of intracellular calcium.(More)