Niels Eckstein

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Previous studies on allosteric interactions at muscarinic receptors have often focused on ligand-receptor binding interactions, because ligand binding seemed to reflect functional consequences. The prototypal allosteric agent alcuronium is known to bind with similar affinity to the M(2) subtype of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors whether or not the(More)
Ligand binding studies reveal information about affinity to G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) rather than functional properties. Increase in intracellular Ca(2+) appears to represent a universal second messenger signal for a majority of recombinant GPCRs. Here, we exploit Ca(2+) signaling as a fast and sensitive functional screening method for a number of(More)
Breast and ovarian cancers are among the 10 leading cancer types in females with mortalities of 15% and 6%, respectively. Despite tremendous efforts to conquer malignant diseases, the war on cancer declared by Richard Nixon four decades ago seems to be lost. Approximately 21,800 women in the US will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2011. Therefore, its(More)
Over the last decades, billions have been spent and huge efforts have been taken in basic and clinical cancer research [CA Cancer J Clin63:11-30]. About a decade ago, the arms race between drugs and cancer cells reached a new level by introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) into pharmacological anti-cancer therapy. According to their molecular(More)
The effects of substance P on anterior pituitary secretion were studied in 3 female rhesus monkeys. In nine experiments, 100 microgram substance P was injected intraventricularly, and the results were compared to those obtained following intraventricular injection of the control vehicle. In 7 out of 9 experiments, substance P induced a significant increase(More)
Two different types of adipose tissues can be found in humans enabling them to respond to starvation and cold: white adipose tissue (WAT) is generally known and stores excess energy in the form of triacylglycerol (TG), insulates against cold, and serves as a mechanical cushion. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) helps newborns to cope with cold. BAT has the(More)
LE300 (7-methyl-6,7,8,9,14,15-hexahydro-5 H-benz[d]indolo[2,3-g]azecine), a previously reported subnanomolar antagonist at rat striatal dopamine D1 receptors, and three of its azecine-N-substituted congeners combining structural elements of serotonin and dopamine were comprehensively characterised (binding and function) at recombinant human dopamine(More)
GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone) analogues are long-term known to be safe and effective in the clinical management of hormone-dependent advanced prostate cancer. However, their unusual mechanism of action of de-sensitizing pituitary receptors makes generic market entry challenging. In addition, safety aspects like initial flare-up, breakthrough escape,(More)
Cushing's disease (CD) in a stricter sense derives from pathologic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion usually triggered by micro- or macroadenoma of the pituitary gland. It is, thus, a form of secondary hypercortisolism. In contrast, Cushing's syndrome (CS) describes the complexity of clinical consequences triggered by excessive cortisol blood(More)