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PURPOSE To investigate the potential of Y-box-binding protein YB-1, a multifunctional protein linked to tumor aggressiveness and multidrug resistance, to identify patients with breast cancer likely to benefit from dose-intensified chemotherapy regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS YB-1 was immunohistochemically determined in 211 primary tumors from the(More)
The dental follicle is an ectomesenchymally derived connective tissue harboring precursor cells for the tooth supporting apparatus. In this study, we examined gene expression of freshly isolated human dental follicle cells during osteogenic differentiation in vitro. These plastic adherent fibroblastic cells express Notch-1, nestin and vimentin. We(More)
The G protein-coupled P2Y(11) receptor is involved in immune system modulation. In-depth physiological evaluation is hampered, however, by a lack of selective and potent ligands. By screening a library of sulfonic and phosphonic acid derivatives at P2Y(11) receptors recombinantly expressed in human 1321N1 astrocytoma cells (calcium and cAMP assays), the(More)
Platinum plays a central role in the therapy of ovarian cancer, and the emergence of platinum resistance is a major obstacle for clinical management of the disease. We treated A2780 ovarian cancer cells by weekly cycles of cisplatin over a period of 6 months and unveiled that enhanced insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) expression and autocrine(More)
The use of platinum complexes for the therapy of breast cancer is an emerging new treatment modality. To gain insight into the mechanisms underlying cisplatin resistance in breast cancer, we used estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 cells as a model system. We generated cisplatin-resistant MCF-7 cells and determined the functional status of epidermal growth(More)
Head and neck cancers are treated by a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. The clinical success of cisplatin-based chemotherapy, mostly in combination with 5-FU or a taxane, is however limited by multifactorial intrinsic or acquired resistance. So far, known genes involved in cisplatin resistance do not sufficiently allow the(More)
Ligand binding studies reveal information about affinity to G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) rather than functional properties. Increase in intracellular Ca(2+) appears to represent a universal second messenger signal for a majority of recombinant GPCRs. Here, we exploit Ca(2+) signaling as a fast and sensitive functional screening method for a number of(More)
Current knowledge about molecular mechanisms underlying disease progression and drug resistance in multiple myeloma (MM) is still limited. Here, we analyzed the potential pathogenetic role of the Y-box binding protein YB-1 in MM. YB-1 is a member of the cold-shock domain protein superfamily and involved in various cellular functions such as proliferation.(More)
Previous studies on allosteric interactions at muscarinic receptors have often focused on ligand-receptor binding interactions, because ligand binding seemed to reflect functional consequences. The prototypal allosteric agent alcuronium is known to bind with similar affinity to the M(2) subtype of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors whether or not the(More)
Breast and ovarian cancers are among the 10 leading cancer types in females with mortalities of 15% and 6%, respectively. Despite tremendous efforts to conquer malignant diseases, the war on cancer declared by Richard Nixon four decades ago seems to be lost. Approximately 21,800 women in the US will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2011. Therefore, its(More)