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The morphology of retinal ganglion cells projecting to the superior colliculus (SC) of the thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus) was studied after retrogradely labeling the cells with cholera toxin subunit B. On the basis of previous reports, labeled cells were classified as small (6-10 microm in soma diameter), medium (11-14(More)
Antibody to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) reacts with putative horizontal cells in anuran amphibians of the superfamily Bufonoidea. The reactive epitope appears to be located on the cell membrane. No KLH-like immunoreactivity was observed in the outer plexiform layer (OPL) of anurans not members of this superfamily, nor in the OPL of urodeles or other(More)
Mucociliary activity is an important clearance mechanism in the respiratory system of air breathing vertebrates. Substance P (SP) and acetylcholine play a key role in the stimulation of the mucociliary transport in the frog palate. In this study, retrograde neuronal tracing was combined with immunocytochemistry for SP and choline acetyl transferase (ChAT)(More)
Bilaterally projecting retinal ganglion cells have recently been reported in the Japanese monkey Macaca fuscata and albino rat. In the present experiments, we sought to determine whether ganglion cells project bilaterally in the 13-lined ground squirrel Spermophilus tridecemlineatus. We injected rhodamine-conjugated latex microspheres (red beads) into the(More)
The morphology and distribution of TH-like immunoreactive (TH-IR) cells in the retina of Rana pipiens were studied in retinal whole mounts and in radial and horizontal sections. A large majority (96%) of the immunoreactive cells were found in the inner nuclear layer while a few cells were found in the ganglion cell layer. All TH-IR cells had round to oval(More)
The intergeniculate leaflet (IGL) and its neuropeptide Y (NPY) projection to the main circadian clock, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), have been the focus of extensive research conducted, for the most part, on nocturnal rodent species. However, a variety of anatomical and physiological differences between the circadian system of diurnal and nocturnal(More)
Immunocytochemical techniques were employed to locate somatostatin (SS)-containing cells in the retina of the 13-lined ground squirrel (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus). In normal retinas immunostain was limited to neuronal processes, yet distinctly labeled somata were detected in retinas of animals pretreated with colchicine. Labeled cell bodies were located(More)
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