Nidhi Agrawal Shah

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With oxidative injury as well as in some solid tumors and myeloid leukemia cells, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), the anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic microsomal stress protein, migrates to the nucleus in a truncated and enzymatically inactive form. However, the function of HO-1 in the nucleus is not completely clear. Nuclear factor erythroid(More)
OBJECTIVE Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is a simplified method for continuous monitoring of brain activity in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Our objective was to describe current aEEG use in the United States. STUDY DESIGN An online survey was distributed to the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Perinatal Pediatrics'(More)
BACKGROUND There has been a rapid increase in the prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in India, in association with rapid changes in diet and lifestyle. In adults, the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension and coronary artery disease is two- to threefold greater in the urban population than in rural populations; it is associated with modest(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether low platelet counts are related to the incidence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) after indomethacin treatment in preterm human infants. STUDY DESIGN Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used for a cohort of 497 infants, who received indomethacin (within 15 hours of birth). RESULTS Platelet counts were not(More)
Premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is a common and devastating complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It is likely that immunologic derangements contribute to premature ASCVD in these patients, possibly by disrupting homeostatic mechanisms that orchestrate cholesterol balance in monocytes/macrophages in the artery wall.(More)
INTRODUCTION Eplerenone is publicized to be extremely effective in reducing mortality from heart failure, with a reasonable side-effect profile. However, it is much more expensive compared with older aldosterone antagonists. We reviewed available evidence to assess whether increased expense was justified with outcomes data. METHODS AND RESULTS The authors(More)
Making a diagnosis of mitochondrial disease (MD) is extremely challenging and often employs the analysis of respiratory complex (RC) activities in biopsied skeletal muscle. Given both the invasive nature and expense of biopsied-muscle based testing for mitochondrial defects, buccal swab enzyme analysis has been explored as an alternative approach to the(More)
AIM Mitochondrial function studies in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have detected skeletal muscle mitochondrial enzyme deficiencies in respiratory complex (RC) activities. As a muscle biopsy is expensive and invasive, we assessed RC-I and RC-IV activities in buccal swabs. METHODS 92 children with ASD and 68 controls were studied with immunocapture for(More)
Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) is a method for continuous monitoring of brain activity that is increasingly used in the neonatal intensive care unit. In its simplest form, aEEG is a processed single-channel electroencephalogram that is filtered and time-compressed. Current evidence demonstrates that aEEG is useful to monitor cerebral(More)
Here we describe the electrodeposition of Ag in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) onto 5 μm gap Au interdigitated array (IDA) electrodes that are bare, thiol-functionalized, or thiol-functionalized and seeded with 4 nm diameter Au nanoparticles (NPs). After deposition, applying a voltage between 5 and 10 V in air for 0 to 1000 s resulted(More)