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OBJECTIVE The nature and time course of temporal lobe abnormalities in psychotic illness remain controversial. Confounds include disease chronicity, gender, and handedness. The present study investigated temporal substructures in right-handed male patients experiencing their first episode of psychotic illness. METHOD Magnetic resonance imaging scans were(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence that patients with bipolar disorder have working memory deficits even during periods of euthymia. The neural basis of such deficits and its relationship with genetic risk remain unclear. We utilized functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate neural activity in samples of bipolar disorder patients and their(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia and psychotic bipolar disorder have a number of overlapping symptoms and risk factors, but it is not yet clear if the disorders are characterized by similar deviations in brain morphometry or whether any such deviations reflect the impact of shared susceptibility genes on brain structure. The authors used region-of-interest(More)
Perception of fearful faces is associated with functional activation of cortico-limbic structures, which has been found altered in individuals with psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, autism and major depression. The objective of this study was to isolate the brain response to the features of standardized fearful faces by incorporating principal(More)
Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated abnormalities in patients with bipolar disorder, including overactivity in anterior limbic structures in response to fearful or happy facial expressions. We investigated whether such anomalies might constitute heritable deviations underlying bipolar disorder, by virtue of being detectable in unaffected relatives(More)
BACKGROUND Morphometric endophenotypes which have been proposed for psychotic disorders include lateral ventricular enlargement and hippocampal volume reductions. Genetic epidemiological studies support an overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and COMT, BDNF, 5-HTT, NRG1 and DTNBP1 genes have been implicated in the aetiology of both these(More)
BACKGROUND Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity has been demonstrated in both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, but the mechanisms underlying this abnormality are still unclear. Enlarged pituitary volume has been recently reported in patients with first episode psychosis and been interpreted as a consequence of an increased activation(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with a history of bipolar disorder demonstrate abnormalities of executive function, even during euthymia. The neural architecture underlying this and its relationship with genetic susceptibility for illness remain unclear. METHOD We assessed 18 remitted individuals with bipolar disorder, 19 of their unaffected first degree relatives(More)
BACKGROUND Subtle abnormalities in frontal white matter have been reported in bipolar disorder. AIMS To assess whether impaired integrity of white matter tracts is associated with bipolar disorder and genetic liability for the disorder. METHOD A total of 19 patients with psychotic bipolar I disorder from multiply affected families, 21 unaffected(More)
OBJECTIVES There is evidence that genetic susceptibility may be shared between bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia, but electrophysiological phenotypes which have been extensively used in studies of genetic susceptibility for schizophrenia remain far less explored in bipolar illness. This study assesses whether auditory P300 latency delays and amplitude(More)