Nicolette Kalafatis

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A lipid-rich extract, preparared by supercritical fluid extraction of fresh stabilized mussel powder (Lyprinol), showed significant anti-inflammatory (AI) activity given therapeutically and prophylactically po to Wistar and Dark Agouti rats developing either (a) adjuvant-induced polyarthritis or (b) collagen(II)-induced autoallergic arthritis, with ED50≤15(More)
Total lipid extracts of P. canaliculus (a bivalve marine mollusc native to New Zealand, commonly called the green-lipped mussel) and Mytilus edulis (commonly called the common blue mussel) moderately inhibited ovine COX-1 and COX-2 pure enzymes in vitro. The inhibition was increased after the mussel extracts were saponified by KOH hydrolysis. Protease- and(More)
The present study has identified in the marine mollusc, Perna canaliculus, an homologous series of novel omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 PUFA) with significant anti-inflammatory (AI) activity. The free fatty acid (FFA) class was isolated from a supercritical-CO2 lipid extract of the tartaric acid-stabilised freeze-dried mussel powder by normal(More)
The hydroxyl radical (OH.) quenching abilities of the following compounds were compared in the deoxyribose degradation system (initiated by the ferrous-ascorbate Fenton reaction): (a) 5 beta-scymnol, the hepatoprotective shark bile sterol, and its mono- and di-sulfate esters; (b) three marketed pycnogenol preparations (syn: proanthocyanidin--natural(More)
The anti-inflammatory (AI) activity of a supercritical fluid extract (CO(2)-SFE) of tartaric acid-stabilised Perna canaliculus mussel powder, and of the free fatty acid (FFA) class separated from the CO(2)-SFE extract by column chromatography, was investigated in the rat adjuvant arthritis model. Administration of the CO(2)-SFE extract (100 mg/kg BW/day(More)
Lipid-rich fractions from the flesh tissue of Mytilus edulis were obtained by solvent extraction and chromatographic separation, and tested for anti-inflammatory (AI) activity in vitro and in vivo. Inhibition of leukotriene production by isolated human neutrophils in response to calcium ionophore stimulation in the presence of exogenous arachidonic acid(More)
The hepatoprotective effect of the shark bile salt 5beta-scymnol has been studied in the model of acute hepatotoxicity induced by administration of acetaminophen (APAP, paracetamol). 5beta-Scymnol at doses of 20, 35, and 70 mg/kg intraperitoneally (ip) decreased significantly the serum activity of alanine aminotransferase, sorbitol dehydrogenase, and(More)
An enzyme system which catalyses the transfer of the sulfate group from 3'-phosphoadenosine-5'-phosphosulfate to the bile steroid 5 beta-scymnol has been isolated and characterized from the liver of the shark Heterodontus portusjacksoni (Meyer 1793). The enzyme is present in the cytosol fraction of liver cells. It was partially purified by hydroxylapatite(More)
The shark bile alcohol, 5β-scymnol, protects mice from the hepatotoxic effects of paracetamol (APAP) overdose. To elucidate the hepatoprotective structural moiety of scymnol, we compared its effect with that of its analogue and natural bile salt, sodium scymnol sulfate, in a clinically relevant model of APAP-induced toxicity. Exposure of healthy male Swiss(More)
Kunzea ericoides is a member of the Myrtle group of tea trees. Leaf and twig material of K. ericoides was extracted with different solvents to afford terpene (including the essential oil), flavonoid and lipid classes (but no alkaloid class), which were subsequently screened for antibacterial, antitumour, cytotoxic, antioxidant and antiinflammatory activity.(More)