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BACKGROUND To investigate in a group of short children born small for gestational age (SGA), the effects of 3 years of GH treatment vs. no treatment on bone age (BA), height and bone mineral density (BMD). Also, to evaluate the influence of the severity of growth retardation at start and the GH dose on the gain in height. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study(More)
Short stature is not the only problem faced by children born small for gestational age (SGA). Being born SGA has also been associated with lowered intelligence, poor academic performance, low social competence and behavioural problems. This paper summarizes the results of a randomized, double-blind, growth hormone (GH) dose-response study (1 or 2 mg/m2/day(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have shown that the metabolic syndrome, a combination of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and a high body mass index (BMI), occurs more frequently among adults who were born with a low birth weight. Because insulin is thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of this syndrome we investigated(More)
CONTEXT Small for gestational age (SGA) subjects experience pre- and postnatal growth restriction, which might be influenced by polymorphisms in the IGF1 gene. The well-known -841(CA)(n)/192 bp polymorphism has been associated with birth size, cardiovascular disease, and IGF-1 levels, and is in linkage disequilibrium with the -G1245A single nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Short small-for-gestational-age (SGA) children experience pre- and postnatal growth restriction, which might be influenced by polymorphisms in the IGF1 gene. The well-known -841(CA)(n)/192 bp polymorphism has been associated with birth size and cardiovascular disease. AIMS To determine whether birth size, postnatal growth and growth during(More)
Background: The performance of laparoscopic antireflux surgery is steadily increasing among pediatric surgeons. Different techniques are being used. However, due to a lack of standardized follow-up methods, postoperative results are difficult to compare. In this study, we describe the results of postoperative 24-h pH study as an objective criterion for(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbances in the GH/IGF-I axis are reported in 25-60% of short children born small for gestational age (SGA). We hypothesized that these abnormalities might be related to abnormalities in the pituitary region. Therefore, the results of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of short SGA children were compared to MRI results of other groups of short(More)
Low birth weight is associated with an increased risk in adult life of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The fetal insulin hypothesis postulates that genes involving insulin resistance could effect birth weight and disease in later life (Hattersley, 1999). Besides insulin, there is extensive evidence that insulin-like growth(More)
Parents of short children born SGA often report that their children have a serious lack of appetite and a low food intake. In this study we investigated food intake, by using a standardized 7-day food questionnaire, in 88 short SGA children before start of GH treatment. The intake was compared with the recommended daily intake (RDI) of age-matched children.(More)
Several studies have demonstrated an association between low birth weight and impaired insulin sensitivity or even type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) in later life. Growth hormone (GH) is known to increase fasting and postprandial insulin levels. For that reason concern has been expressed regarding possible detrimental effects of GH therapy in children born(More)