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Current neuroimaging techniques have very limited abilities to directly identify and quantify neurotransmitters from brain sections. We have developed a molecular-specific approach for the simultaneous imaging and quantitation of multiple neurotransmitters, precursors, and metabolites, such as tyrosine, tryptamine, tyramine, phenethylamine, dopamine,(More)
Developmental transcription factors important in early neuron specification and differentiation often remain expressed in the adult brain. However, how these transcription factors function to mantain appropriate neuronal identities in adult neurons and how transcription factor dysregulation may contribute to disease remain largely unknown. The transcription(More)
The limit of detection of low-molecular weight compounds in tissue sections, analyzed by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI), was significantly improved by employing sample washing using a pH-controlled buffer solution. The pH of the washing solutions were set at values whereby the target analytes would have low(More)
D(4)-α-Cyano-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (D(4)-CHCA) has been synthesized for use as a matrix for matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) and MALDI-MS imaging (MSI) of small molecule drugs and endogenous compounds. MALDI-MS analysis of small molecules has historically been hindered by interference from matrix ion clusters and(More)
The reduced movement repertoire of Parkinson's disease (PD) is mainly due to degeneration of nigrostriatal dopamine neurons. Restoration of dopamine transmission by levodopa (L-DOPA) relieves motor symptoms of PD but often causes disabling dyskinesias. Subchronic L-DOPA increases levels of adaptor protein p11 (S100A10) in dopaminoceptive neurons of the(More)
The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is solely based on movement disorders, but several non-motor deficits are common in PD. Depression often precedes the movement dysfunctions and continues to be a major concern during all stages of the disease. The pathophysiology of parkinsonian depression is largely unknown, but appears to partly differ from(More)
UNLABELLED Parkinson's disease (PD) is a movement disorder characterized by a progressive loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Restoration of dopamine transmission by l-DOPA relieves symptoms of PD but causes dyskinesia. Trace Amine-Associated Receptor 1 (TAAR1) modulates dopaminergic transmission, but its role in experimental Parkinsonism and l-DOPA(More)
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are movement disorders usually accompanied by emotional and cognitive deficits. Although D3/D2 receptor agonists are effective against motor and non-motor deficits in RLS and PD, the exact behavioral and neurochemical effects of these drugs are not clearly defined. This study aimed to evaluate the(More)
P11 (S100a10), a member of the S100 family of proteins, has widespread distribution in the vertebrate body, including in the brain, where it has a key role in membrane trafficking, vesicle secretion, and endocytosis. Recently, our laboratory has shown that a constitutive knockout of p11 (p11-KO) in mice results in a depressive-like phenotype. Furthermore,(More)
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe pathological condition with impaired reward-related processing. The present study was designed to assess the effects of two commonly used BD medications, the mood stabilizer lithium chloride (LiCl) and the atypical antipsychotic and antimanic agent aripiprazole, in an animal model of reward and motivation and on markers of(More)
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