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Calcium-dependent chloride channels are required for normal electrolyte and fluid secretion, olfactory perception, and neuronal and smooth muscle excitability. The molecular identity of these membrane proteins is still unclear. Treatment of bronchial epithelial cells with interleukin-4 (IL-4) causes increased calcium-dependent chloride channel activity,(More)
Previous studies in intact lung suggest that CFTR may play a role in cAMP-regulated fluid transport from the distal air spaces of the lung. However, the potential contribution of different epithelial cells (alveolar epithelial type I, type II, or bronchial epithelial cells) to CFTR-regulated fluid transport is unknown. In this study we determined whether(More)
The F508del mutation, the most frequent in cystic fibrosis (CF), impairs the maturation of the CFTR chloride channel. The F508del defect can be partially overcome at low temperature (27°C) or with pharmacological correctors. However, the efficacy of correctors on the mutant protein appears to be dependent on the cell expression system. We have used a(More)
Folding correctors of F508del-CFTR were discovered by in silico structure-based screening utilizing homology models of CFTR. The intracellular segment of CFTR was modeled and three cavities were identified at inter-domain interfaces: (1) Interface between the two Nucleotide Binding Domains (NBDs); (2) Interface between NBD1 and Intracellular Loop (ICL) 4,(More)
Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel cause cystic fibrosis. The delta F508 mutation produces defects in channel gating and cellular processing, whereas the G551D mutation produces primarily a gating defect. To identify correctors of gating, 50,000 diverse small molecules were screened at 2.5 microM(More)
SCN(-) (thiocyanate) is an important physiological anion involved in innate defense of mucosal surfaces. SCN(-) is oxidized by H(2)O(2), a reaction catalyzed by lactoperoxidase, to produce OSCN(-) (hypothiocyanite), a molecule with antimicrobial activity. Given the importance of the availability of SCN(-) in the airway surface fluid, we studied(More)
Mutations occurring in the CFTR gene, encoding for the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator chloride channel, cause cystic fibrosis (CF). Mutations belonging to class II, such as DeltaPhe508, give rise to a protein with both a defective maturation and altered channel gating. Mutations belonging to class III, such as G551D and G1349D, cause(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel. The mutations G551D and G1349D, which affect the nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) of CFTR protein, reduce channel activity. This defect can be corrected pharmacologically by small molecules called potentiators. CF mutations residing(More)
A large fraction of mutations causing cystic fibrosis impair the function of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel by causing reduced channel activity (gating defect) and/or impaired exit from the endoplasmic reticulum (trafficking defect). Such defects need to be treated with separate pharmacological compounds(More)
The pharmacology of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) Cl(-) channel has attracted significant interest in recent years with the aim to search for rational new therapies for diseases caused by CFTR malfunction. Mutations that abolish the function of CFTR cause the life-threatening genetic disease cystic fibrosis (CF). The most(More)