Nicole Winter

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Surface tension has been measured by the method of Ferguson and Kennedy on small (0.3-0.4 microliter) samples of tears from 65 normal and 35 dry eyes. Non-invasive break-up time (NIBUT) was also measured on the same patients as an indication of tear film stability. The mean (+/- SD) surface tension value was 43.6 +/- 2.7 mN/m for normals, and 49.6 +/- 2.2(More)
OBJECTIVES This study assessed the relationship between lead-contaminated house dust and urban children's blood lead levels. METHODS A random-sample survey was used to identify and enroll 205 children, 12 to 31 months of age, who had resided in the same house since at least 6 months of age. Children's blood and household dust, water, soil, and paint were(More)
The Environmental Protection Agency is required to set a standard for lead-contaminated house dust, but whether dust lead loading (micrograms/ft2) or concentration (micrograms/g) is more predictive of children's blood lead levels, which dust collection method should be used, and which surfaces should be sampled are unknown. Using a random sample of(More)
The photodissociation of ICN adsorbed at the liquid/vapor interface of water is studied using classical molecular dynamics with nonadiabatic surface hopping. The cage escape, geminate recombination to form ICN and INC and the subsequent vibrational relaxation of these two molecules (on their ground electronic states) is compared with the same process in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether contraindications to immunization are inappropriately broadened for children with a fever or a neurologic condition. PARTICIPANTS Pediatric and family medicine residents (N = 52 and 23, respectively) at the University of Rochester (NY). DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. Residents rated how likely they would be to administer a(More)
OBJECTIVE Dust control is recommended as one of the cornerstones of controlling childhood lead exposure; however, the effectiveness of dust control has not been demonstrated for children who have low to mild elevations in blood lead (ie, less than 25 micrograms/dL). The objective of this study was to determine whether dust control, as performed by families,(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess variations in immunization practices and attitudes among primary care providers and to relate these characteristics to the immunization levels of their patients. SETTING Monroe County, New York. DESIGN Survey of pediatricians (n = 96) and family practitioners (n = 44) to assess immunization practices and attitudes and medical chart(More)
Maps provided to the public for preventive and protective evacuations should be an integral part of emergency plans. The map design criteria contained in the United States Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) guidelines for nuclear power plants were examined and compared with the content and design of evacuation maps found in the public information(More)
Oesophageal apoplexy or intramural haematoma of the oesophagus (IHE) is a rare condition with a pattern of presentation that can mimic sinister pathologies. Diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion, and the exclusion of an oesophageal perforation or oesophageal malignancy is important. Investigations include computer topography (CT) and contrast swallow(More)
A school-based immunization survey was conducted among the 36 Rochester, NY, elementary schools (n = 5584 children) to determine (1) the vaccination rates at 2 years of age by type of primary care provider and (2) the accuracy of school immunization records (by comparing them with medical charts for children attending hospital-based clinics). These rates(More)