Nicole Waters

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Friction in fixed appliance systems has received considerable attention in recent literature, although that attributable to varying second order (tip) and third order (torque) adjustments in either the bracket or the archwire has not been fully investigated. The ex vivo study of 0.022 x 0.028-inch slot Minitwin, Activa, and Standard Straight Wire brackets(More)
In 27 female Wistar rats, the authors obtained composite scores on harm avoidance and novelty seeking, as well as 57 measures of monoamines and metabolites from 10 different brain regions. A multivariate regression method was used to discover associations between individual differences in temperament and neurochemistry. Harm-avoidant subjects had low levels(More)
1 has become the founda-tional opinion in the modern law of scientific evidence and arguably one of the most important decisions in the area of tort reform. Over the years, the Daubert test for scientific admissibility has spawned countless articles, symposia, and informal discussions about its merits and drawbacks, particularly in contrast to its principal(More)
Superelastic nickel-titanium archwires, unlike conventional wires, are capable of withstanding very large deflections and on returning to their original shape on deactivation will produce more moderate forces. The region over which there is a 'plateau' depends on the deflection and is greater the larger the deflection. With most wires both the initial wire(More)
iii Acknowledgments I would like to take this moment to thank those who played a crucial role in my success in the Institute for Court Management. First of all, I would like to thank Judge Judy Ferguson for believing and supporting me throughout ALL of my educational endeavors. I have not forgotten the conversation we had in 2010, when you gave me that push(More)
The distal and lateral forces and also the couples (in a transverse plane) delivered by the inner terminals of a face-bow have been derived analytically according to the complementary (strain) energy method for various face-bow configurations on the assumption that the terminals are rigidly held by the molar tubes and that the external forces acting are in(More)
Maximum lateral forces as measured by strain gauges mounted on the analysing rod of a Nesor surveyor for four operators during surveying procedures ranged from 81 to 110 cN (mean 92.4 cN). Maximum lateral forces used when trimming blockout and inlay wax ranged from 159 to 184 cN (mean 169 cN) and 137 to 196 cN (mean 172 cN), respectively. Mean tilting(More)
Retention to a master model of 10 nominally identical chrome-cobalt removable partial denture castings with standardized bilateral molar and premolar clasps engaging 0.25 mm (0.01 inch) undercuts and 10 castings with clasps engaging 0.5 mm (0.02 inch) undercuts was measured on an Instron testing machine. The retention of each framework was remeasured as the(More)
In order to move a tooth bodily without tipping, both a force P and an anti-tilt couple N of a suitable constant magnitude are required. Although many different spring components are available to orthodontists for this purpose, a comparison of the merits of different designs has not been possible because analytical solutions to the deformation behaviour(More)
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