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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a Fusarium derived mycotoxin, often occurring on cereals used for human and animal nutrition. The intestine, as prominent barrier for nutritional toxins, has to handle the mycotoxin from the mucosa protected luminal side (apical exposure), as well as already absorbed toxin, reaching the cells from basolateral side(More)
The Fusarium derived mycotoxin deoxynivalenol (DON) is frequently found in cereals used for human and animal nutrition. We studied effects of DON in non-transformed, non-carcinoma, polarized epithelial cells of porcine small intestinal origin (IPEC-1 and IPEC-J2) in a low (200 ng/mL) and a high (2000 ng/mL) concentration. Application of high DON(More)
The specific function of the epithelium as critical barrier between the intestinal lumen and the organism’s internal microenvironment is reflected by permanent maintenance of intercellular junctions and cellular polarity. The intestinal epithelial cells are responsible for absorption of nutritional components, facing mechanical stress and a changing oxygen(More)
Upon studying the transmission of Escherichia coli from a sow to five of her piglets, we observed domination of the coliform flora in piglets by a single E. coli clone, especially after weaning. This haemolytic cloneH1 did not harbour any virulence determinants typical for intestinal pathogenic E. coli isolates from swine but had a virulence gene profile(More)
Although Enterococcus faecium is used as a probiotic feed supplement in animal production, feeding of the bacterium to piglets resulted in a more severe infection with Salmonella Typhimurium DT104 during a challenge experiment. To enlighten the mode of action by which E. faecium affected the piglets' health, we investigated the influence of the probiotic(More)
The intestinal epithelial cell layer represents the border between the luminal and systemic side of the gut. The decision between absorption and exclusion of substances is the quintessential function of the gut and varies along the gut axis. Consequently, potentially toxic substances may reach the basolateral domain of the epithelial cell layer via blood(More)
Salmonella infection might affect other intestinal Enterobacteriaceae populations and possible correlations between single Enterobacteriaceae populations would help to predict subclinical Salmonella infections in pigs. In one experimental setup, weaned piglets (n=40) were infected with Salmonella and sacrificed at 3h, 24h, 72 h or 28 days post-infection(More)
In this study, the Enterobacteriaceae microbiota, including their diversity as well as the distribution of haemolytic and virulence gene-harbouring Escherichia coli of 56-day-old healthy piglets, was characterized. Both the composition and the diversity of Enterobacteriaceae populations varied considerably between individual pigs and intestinal sections. E.(More)
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