Nicole V. Giordani

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Like other alpha-herpesviruses, Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1) possesses the ability to establish latency in sensory ganglia as a non-integrated, nucleosome-associated episome in the host cell nucleus. Transcription of the genome is limited to the Latency-Associated Transcript (LAT), while the lytic genes are maintained in a transcriptionally repressed(More)
Only the latency-associated transcript (LAT) of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) genome is transcribed during latency, while the lytic genes are suppressed, possibly by LAT antisense mechanisms and/or chromatin modifications. In the present study, latently infected dorsal root ganglia were explanted to assess both relative levels of LAT and histone(More)
During herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) latency, only one region of the viral genome is actively transcribed: the region encoding the latency-associated transcript (LAT). A previous study demonstrated that during latency the LAT promoter is hyperacetylated at histone H3 (K9, K14) relative to lytic genes examined. In the present study, we examine the(More)
When the sequence of the Euglena gracilis chloroplast genome was reported in 1993 the alpha-subunit gene (rpoA) of RNA polymerase appeared to be missing, based on a comparison of all putative reading frames to the then known rpoA loci. Since there has been a large increase in known rpoA sequences, the question of a Euglena chloroplast rpoA gene was(More)
During herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) latency in mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRG), chromatin associated with the latency-associated transcript (LAT) region of the viral genome is hyperacetylated at lysines 9 and 14 of histone 3 [H3(K9, K14)], while lytic genes are hypoacetylated. Explanted DRG exhibit a pattern of deacetylation of the LAT enhancer(More)
To study the regulation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) latency-associated transcript (LAT) expression and processing in the absence of other cis and trans viral functions, a transgenic mouse containing the region encompassing the LAT promoter (LAP1) and the LAT 5' exon through the 2.0-kb intron was created. LAT expression was detectable by reverse(More)
Trigeminal ganglia (TG) from rabbits latently infected with either wild-type herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or the latency-associated transcript (LAT) promoter deletion mutant 17DeltaPst were assessed for their viral chromatin profile and transcript abundance. The wild-type 17syn+ genomes were more enriched in the transcriptionally permissive mark(More)
3 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS First and foremost, I thank my parents and family for encouraging me to follow whatever career path I chose. I wouldn't be where I am today without their support and love, and I will always be grateful. I thank my undergraduate mentor, Richard Hallick, for giving me the chance to get my start in a lab. In addition, I thank his(More)
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