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The immunomodulatory drug FTY720 is phosphorylated in vivo, and the resulting FTY720 phosphate as a ligand for sphingosine-1-phosphate receptors is responsible for the unique biological effects of the compound. So far, phosphorylation of FTY720 by murine sphingosine kinase (SPHK) 1a had been documented. We found that, while FTY720 is also phosphorylated by(More)
Ceramide is a key player governing cell fate, and its conversion to ceramide-1-phosphate by ceramide kinase (CERK) is emerging as an important mean to regulate apoptosis and inflammatory processes. We identified a new ceramide kinase homolog, designated CERK-like protein (CERKL) and we compared it to the known CERK. Real time-PCR analysis of human tissues(More)
Millions of platelets are produced each hour by bone marrow (BM) megakaryocytes (MKs). MKs extend transendothelial proplatelet (PP) extensions into BM sinusoids and shed new platelets into the blood. The mechanisms that control platelet generation remain incompletely understood. Using conditional mutants and intravital multiphoton microscopy, we show here(More)
FTY720, a potent immunomodulatory drug in phase 2/3 clinical trials, induces rapid and reversible sequestration of lymphocytes into secondary lymphoid organs, thereby preventing their migration to sites of inflammation. As prerequisite for its function, phosphorylation of FTY720 to yield a potent agonist of the sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor S1P(1) is(More)
Sphingosine kinase has been recognized as an essential signaling molecule that mediates the intracellular conversion of sphingosine to sphingosine-1-phosphate. In mast cells, induction of sphingosine kinase and generation of sphingosine-1-phosphate have been linked to the initial rise in Ca(2+), released from internal stores, and to degranulation. These(More)
Engagement of the high affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI) on mast cells results in the production and secretion of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), a lipid metabolite present in the lungs of allergen-challenged asthmatics. Herein we report that two isoforms of sphingosine kinase (SphK1 and SphK2) are expressed and activated upon FcepsilonRI engagement of(More)
In mammals, ceramide kinase (CerK)-mediated phosphorylation of ceramide is the only known pathway to ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P), a recently identified signaling sphingolipid metabolite. To help delineate the roles of CerK and C1P, we knocked out the gene of CerK in BALB/c mice by homologous recombination. All in vitro as well as cell-based assays indicated(More)
Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) levels in cells and, consequently, its bioactivity as a signalling molecule are controlled by the action of enzymes responsible for its synthesis and degradation. In the present report, we examined alterations in expression patterns of enzymes involved in S1P-metabolism (sphingosine kinases including their splice variants,(More)
Human megakaryocytes (MKs) release trillions of platelets each day into the circulation to maintain normal homeostatic platelet levels. We have previously shown that extracellular sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) plays a key role in thrombopoiesis via its receptor S1pr1. In addition to its role as an extracellular mediator, S1P can also function as a second(More)
The N-terminus of ceramide kinase (CERK) is thought to be myristoylated and to contain a pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. We found that deletion of this region (DeltaPH-CERK) ablates activity. This is not due to prevention of N-terminal myristoylation since a G2A CERK mutant, which cannot be myristoylated, was active. CERK was able to bind liposomes, as(More)