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This paper summarises the findings of a study on second trimester abortion in England and Wales in 2005. Second trimester abortions constitute a relatively small proportion of the total number of legal abortions performed in these countries yet attract quite substantial public, and particularly media, attention. Discussion of these abortions has, however,(More)
A c o n t e x t sp e ci fic ap proach to und er st an d in g b a rr ie rs to an d oppo rtunities for ch an g e The UK Department for International Development (DfID) has funded a major programme of research into young people's sexual and reproductive health in poorer country settings. Tropical Medicine, the principal objectives of the Safe Passages to(More)
CONTEXT Despite the growing body of knowledge about teenager's sexual and contraceptive behavior in the United Kingdom, much quantitative work has failed to consider the broader social contexts in which this behavior occurs. METHODS A 1999 survey of 963 full-time students aged 16-18 gathered information on individual, contextual and background factors.(More)
CONTEXT The development of UK national targets to reduce the transmission of HIV and other STDs has focused health promotion efforts on advocating the use of condoms during penetrative vaginal and anal sex. However, other behaviors that can facilitate STD transmission-such as oral sex and, in particular, fellatio-have received limited attention. METHODS(More)
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are common birth defects (~1 in 1000 pregnancies in the US and Europe) that have complex origins, including environmental and genetic factors. A low level of maternal folate is one well-established risk factor, with maternal periconceptional folic acid supplementation reducing the occurrence of NTD pregnancies by 50-70%. Gene(More)
CONTEXT Many young people think about and take steps to obtain adequate protection only after having sexual intercourse for the first time. Consequently, they are at increased risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. METHODS Between June and August 1999, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to attendees at UK(More)
One-carbon metabolism (OCM) is linked to DNA synthesis and methylation, amino acid metabolism and cell proliferation. OCM dysfunction has been associated with increased risk for various diseases, including cancer and neural tube defects. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ∼ 22 nt RNA regulators that have been implicated in a wide array of basic cellular processes, such(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODOLOGY Around one in three sexually active women in Britain will have an abortion during their lifetime and a third of those women will experience more than one. Using data collected during the second National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles the characteristics of women who have presented for a second or subsequent abortion are(More)
In 1998-99 the UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP) launched a social science research initiative on adolescent sexual and reproductive health in developing countries. The aim of this initiative was to support research that addresses factors that contribute to positive sexual(More)