Nicole Schmitt

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The family of Kv7 (KCNQ) potassium channels consists of five members. Kv7.2 and 3 are the primary molecular correlates of the M-current, but also Kv7.4 and Kv7.5 display M-current characteristics. M-channel modulators include blockers (e.g., linopirdine) for cognition enhancement and openers (e.g., retigabine) for treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain.(More)
About 10 distinct potassium channels in the heart are involved in shaping the action potential. Some of the K+ channels are primarily responsible for early repolarization, whereas others drive late repolarization and still others are open throughout the cardiac cycle. Three main K+ channels drive the late repolarization of the ventricle with some(More)
The slow IKS K+ channel plays a major role in repolarizing the cardiac action potential and consists of the assembly of KCNQ1 and KCNE1 subunits. Mutations in either KCNQ1 or KCNE1 genes produce the long-QT syndrome, a life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia. Here, we show that long-QT mutations located in the KCNQ1 C terminus impair calmodulin (CaM)(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) and long QT syndrome (LQTS) are cardiac arrhythmia disorders that have been related to dysfunction of the voltage-gated potassium channel subunit Kv7.1 encoded by the KCNQ1 gene. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was functional assessment of a mutation in Kv7.1 identified in a proband with permanent AF and prolonged(More)
The potassium channel subunits KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 are believed to underlie the M current of hippocampal neurons. The M-type potassium current plays a key role in the regulation of neuronal excitability; however, the subcellular location of the ion channels underlying this regulation has been controversial. We report here that KCNQ2 and KCNQ3 subunits are(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The compound NS5806 increases the transient outward current (I(to)) in canine ventricular cardiomyocytes and slows current decay. In human and canine ventricle, I(to) is thought to be mediated by K(V)4.3 and various ancillary proteins, yet, the exact subunit composition of I(to) channels is still debated. Here we characterize the(More)
The goal of the present study was to determine the role of KCNQ-encoded Kv channels (Kv7 channels) in the passive and active regulation of coronary flow in normotensive and hypertensive rats. In left anterior descending coronary arteries from normotensive rats, structurally different Kv7.2 to 7.5 activators produced relaxations, which were considerably less(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. The cardiac sodium channel, Na(V)1.5, plays a pivotal role in setting the conduction velocity and the initial depolarization of the cardiac myocytes. We hypothesized that early-onset lone AF was associated with genetic variation in SCN5A. METHODS AND RESULTS The coding sequence of(More)
Many important physiological processes involve changes in cell volume, e.g. the transport of salt and water in epithelial cells and the contraction of cardiomyocytes. In this study, we show that voltage-gated KCNQ1 channels, which are strongly expressed in epithelial cells or cardiomyocytes, and KCNQ4 channels, expressed in hair cells and the auditory(More)
β-Blockers are widely used to prevent cardiac arrhythmias and to treat hypertension by inhibiting β-adrenergic receptors (βARs) and thus decreasing contractility and heart rate. βARs initiate phosphorylation-dependent signaling cascades, but only a small number of the target proteins are known. We used quantitative in vivo phosphoproteomics to identify 670(More)