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Four distinct genes encode tropomyosin (Tm) proteins, integral components of the actin microfilament system. In non-muscle cells, over 40 Tm isoforms are derived using alternative splicing. Distinct populations of actin filaments characterized by the composition of these Tm isoforms are found differentially sorted within cells (Gunning et al. 1998b). We(More)
The specific functions of greater than 40 vertebrate nonmuscle tropomyosins (Tms) are poorly understood. In this article we have tested the ability of two Tm isoforms, TmBr3 and the human homologue of Tm5 (hTM5(NM1)), to regulate actin filament function. We found that these Tms can differentially alter actin filament organization, cell size, and shape.(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that an inflammatory microenvironment promotes invasion by glioblastoma (GBM) cells. Together with p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation being regarded as promoting inflammation, we hypothesized that elevated inflammatory cytokine secretion and p38 MAPK activity contribute to expansion of GBMs. Here we report(More)
Spatially distinct populations of microfilaments, characterized by different tropomyosin (Tm) isoforms, are present within a neuron. To investigate the impact of altered tropomyosin isoform expression on neuronal morphogenesis, embryonic cortical neurons from transgenic mice expressing the isoforms Tm3 and Tm5NM1, under the control of the beta-actin(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that the Golgi complex contains an actin-based filament system. We have previously reported that one or more isoforms from the tropomyosin gene Tm5NM (also known as gamma-Tm), but not from either the alpha- or beta-Tm genes, are associated with Golgi-derived vesicles (Heimann et al., (1999). J. Biol. Chem. 274,(More)
BACKGROUND Lamellipodial protrusion, which is the first step in cell movement, is driven by actin assembly and requires activity of the Arp2/3 actin-nucleating complex. However, it is unclear how actin assembly is dynamically regulated to support effective cell migration. RESULTS Cells deficient in cortactin have impaired cell migration and invasion.(More)
Elemental mapping and fluorescence imaging techniques are frequently employed to probe the distribution of platinum-based chemotherapeutics within biological systems. Although useful, these techniques have unique limitations: elemental mapping methods, such as those that use particle beams, typically require rigorous sample preparation that can alter(More)
Most tumors arise from epithelial tissues, such as mammary glands and lobules, and their initiation is associated with the disruption of a finely defined epithelial architecture. Progression from intraductal to invasive tumors is related to genetic mutations that occur at a subcellular level but manifest themselves as functional and morphological changes at(More)
Two tropomyosin isoforms, human Tm5(NM1) and Tm3, were over-expressed in B35 rat neuro-epithelial cells to examine preferential associations between specific actin and tropomyosin isoforms and to determine the role tropomyosin isoforms play in regulating the drug susceptibility of actin filament populations. Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot(More)
Determining the chemical and biological compositions of the tumour models used in pharmacological studies is crucial for understanding the interactions between the drug molecules and the tumour micro-environment. Conventional techniques for spheroid characterisation require intensive chemical pre-treatments that result in the removal of unbound metabolites.(More)