Nicole S Bassett

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The placenta synthesizes insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs), which are believed to regulate its growth and development in an autocrine/paracrine manner. To delineate the cellular sites of expression of IGP and IGFBP messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs) in human placenta throughout pregnancy, we used in situ hybridization(More)
Increasing evidence from human epidemiological studies suggests that poor growth before birth is associated with postnatal growth retardation and the development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. We have shown previously that nutritional deprivation in the pregnant rat leads to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), postnatal growth failure, changes(More)
Recent evidence suggests that insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) acts as a neurotrophic factor in the injured CNS. The role of the related peptide IGF-II is unclear. Therefore, we compared the induction of IGF-II in the developing rat brain following mild or severe hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injuries. Ligation of the right carotid artery of 21 day old rats(More)
Fetal growth is largely determined by the availability of nutrients to the fetus. The fetus is at the end of a supply line that ensures delivery of nutrients from the maternal/uterine circulation to the fetus via the placenta. However, this supply line can not be regarded as a linear relationship. Maternal undernutrition will not only reduce global nutrient(More)
The transition from fetus to neonate involves three phases: late gestation, parturition and the processes needed to establish independent homoeostatic regulation after separation from the placenta. These phases are regulated by a series of fetal and placental endocrine events. Glucocorticoids have an important role in the preparation for birth, including(More)
In the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) fetal growth and metabolism are abnormal. It has been speculated that maternal hypertension may be the cause of these abnormalities. Captopril treatment, which reduces maternal blood pressure, during pregnancy and lactation, is reported to have a beneficial effect postnatally, normalizing the blood pressure of(More)
ABSTRACT: In view of the suggested relationship between substrate availability, fetal growth and circulating fetal IGF-I concentrations, we investigated the effect of maternal starvation on plasma IGF-I levels in the late gestation ovine fetus. Ten fetuses aged 125-130 d gestation were sampled daily from indwelling arterial catheters. Ewes were starved for(More)
The fetal growth hormone response to a 2-h intravenous infusion of a free fatty acid emulsion, Intralipid, was studied in the late gestation ovine fetus. Fetuses received low, medium or high dose Intralipid infusions for 2 h. Low dose infusions (0.5-0.7 ml/kg, n = 3) produced no significant changes in growth hormone concentrations. Both medium (2.0-4.0(More)
Fetal exposure to high concentrations of corticosteroids in the rat is associated with elevated blood pressure in postnatal life. In this study we have investigated indicators of corticosteroid activity in fetal spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) in order to determine whether fetal corticosteroid exposure is increased in the(More)
The role of IGF-2 in the fetus and its possible influence on fetal growth remains speculative. We investigated the size distribution of unsaturated binding sites for labelled oIGF-2 in ovine fetal plasma. In addition, the disappearance of each form of protein bound IGF-2 in the late gestation ovine fetus (125-135 days, n = 5) was estimated. One minute after(More)