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Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC), synthesized by the bacterium Gluconacetobacter xylinus, is composed of highly hydrated fibrils (99 % water) with high mechanical strength. These exceptional material properties make BNC a novel biomaterial for many potential medical and tissue engineering applications. Recently, BNC with cellulose content of 15 % has been(More)
The engineering of living tissues in vivo requires new concepts in cell culture technology. In contrast to conventional cell cultures, the development of tissues depends on a three-dimensional arrangement of cells and the formation or synthesis of an appropriate extracellular matrix. Special emphasis is given to the major role of the extracellular matrix(More)
Xerostomia is a severe side effect of radiation therapy in head and neck cancer patients. To date, no satisfactory treatment option has been established. Because mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been identified as a potential treatment modality, we aimed to evaluate stem cell distribution following intravenous and intraglandular injections using a(More)
The reconstruction of an auricle for congenital deformity or following trauma remains one of the greatest challenges in reconstructive surgery. Tissue-engineered (TE) three-dimensional (3D) cartilage constructs have proven to be a promising option, but problems remain with regard to cell vitality in large cell constructs. The supply of nutrients and oxygen(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) have been introduced into the field of tissue-engineered airway transplantation. Since patients with extensive tracheal defects often require an open tracheotomy, this study investigated if MSC could be obtained from the adipose tissue of the neck during this procedure. Cells were isolated by plastic adherence from the(More)
Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising cell source in tissue engineering due to their availability, ease of isolation and high proliferative activity. This study was undertaken to investigate whether immortalised human MSC are able to undergo chondrogenic differentiation when cultured in alginate or in resorbable scaffolds. We directly compared(More)
PURPOSE The application of lacrimal gland-derived mesenchymal stem cells (LG-MSC) for the regeneration of lacrimal gland tissue could result in a novel therapy for dry-eye syndrome. To optimize the culture conditions, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of low oxygen on phenotype, differentiation potential, proliferative, and(More)
Vitrification of endothelial cells (MHECT-5) has not previously been compared with controlled slow freezing methods under standardized conditions. To identify the best cryopreservation technique, we evaluated vitrification and standardized controlled-rate -1°C/minute cell freezing in a -80°C freezer and tested four cryoprotective agents (CPA), namely(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic role of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) after induction chemotherapy using docetaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil (TPF) prior to surgery and adjuvant (chemo)radiation in locally advanced oral squamous cell cancer (OSCC) was evaluated. METHODS In this prospective study, peripheral blood samples from 40 patients of the phase II study(More)
INTRODUCTION Like a fingerprint, ear shape is a unique personal feature that should be reconstructed with a high fidelity during reconstructive surgery. Ear cartilage tissue engineering (TE) advantageously offers the possibility to use novel 3D manufacturing techniques to reconstruct the ear, thus allowing for a detailed auricular shape. However it also(More)