Nicole Ricard

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To enhance empowerment and improve self-esteem among individuals with severe and persistent mental illness, a 12-week "module" (a self-contained program of activities) was created and tested in a randomized clinical trial. Fifty-one individuals with schizophrenia were assigned to the experimental group in addition to regular treatment, and 44 individuals(More)
The adaptation of parents to a disabled infant was studied in relation to the type of disability presented by the baby. Participants were divided according to three types of disability and one control group: patents of infants with (1) Down's syndrome (DS), (2) congenital heart disease (CHD), (3) a cleft lip and/or palate (CLP), and (4) no disability (ND).(More)
This study assesses the longitudinal effects of an original early intervention programme on the adaptation of parents of children with a disability (Down syndrome and cleft lip/palate, i.e. DS and CLP). Variations in the effects of the programme according to the time of measurement, the type of disability and parent's gender are also examined. Globally, the(More)
While there is a large body of literature regarding caring in nursing and some measurement tools addressing the concept have been developed, limitations of existing instruments constrain theory-driven research on nurse-patient interactions. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development and initial psychometric evaluation of the Caring(More)
OBJECTIVE This study reports the validation of the French version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS-F), a questionnaire developed to measure health and social functioning of people with mental illness. METHOD Once each statement was tested for readability, the scale was administered to 3 samples of people suffering from severe mental(More)
More and more, Intensive Community Treatment programs in Canada use questionnaires to evaluate the health and social functioning of individuals suffering from a severe mental illness. However, seldom are these tools subject to psychometric analyses to establish their validity on independent samples. This article presents the results of the validation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Advances in knowledge in the biomedical and psychosocial sciences have expanded our understanding of schizophrenia and of how it evolves in people living with it. These individuals are no longer viewed as being 'ill' and requiring long-term hospitalisation. We have come instead to have a much more positive view of them and of the role they can(More)
INTRODUCTION Memory deficits might account for clinical and adaptive differences between groups of patients with chronic schizophrenia. We investigated the qualitative factors of memory that influence clinical and social status. METHODS Psychosocial functioning, clinical symptoms, and memory function were assessed in 99 patients at four time points over a(More)
A rehabilitative coping skills module employing problem solving and cognitive behavioral therapy and an experimental repeated-measure design was tested on 55 randomly selected persons severely handicapped by schizophrenia, most of whom had lived almost half of their lives in psychiatric wards. Unlike the control group of 44 comparable schizophrenics, the(More)
Our objectives were to determine the extent to which symptoms in the schizophrenia patient and personality in the mother lead to a sense of subjective burden in the mother, and to explain variance in two components of Expressed Emotion. Data on symptom severity (PANSS), mothers' personality (NEO-PI), subjective burden (SBAS), and Expressed Emotion (CFI)(More)