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The functional specificity of callosal connections was investigated in visual areas 17 and 18 of adult cats, by combining in vivo optical imaging of intrinsic signals with labeling of callosal axons. Local injections of neuronal tracers were performed in one hemisphere and eight single callosal axons were reconstructed in the opposite hemisphere. The(More)
In the adult cat, axons running through the corpus callosum interconnect the border between the visual cortical areas 17 and 18 (A17 and A18) of both hemispheres. This specific pattern emerges during postnatal development, under normal viewing conditions (NR), from the elimination of initially exuberant callosal projections. In contrast, if the postnatal(More)
Astrocytes, the most prominent glial cell type in the brain, send specialized processes named endfeet, which enwrap blood vessels and express a large molecular repertoire dedicated to the physiology of the vascular system. One of the most striking properties of astrocyte endfeet is their enrichment in gap junction protein connexins 43 and 30 (Cx43 and Cx30)(More)
In cat visual cortex, neurons acquire progressively mature functional properties during the first postnatal months. The aim of this study was to analyze the development of astrocytes during this period. The patterns of expression of the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) as well as of two gap junction proteins expressed in astrocytes, connexin43 (Cx43)(More)
Omnipause neurons (OPNs) are inhibitory neurons located in the midline region of the caudal pons. Their role in gating the discharges of saccade-related burst neurons is well known, but there is no agreement concerning their influence on brainstem neurons that control other muscle groups participating in rapid gaze shifts. In the present study, we inquired(More)
Renal tubular dysgenesis (RTD) is a recessive autosomal disease characterized most often by perinatal death. It is due to the inactivation of any of the major genes of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), one of which is the angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE). ACE is present as a tissue-bound enzyme and circulates in plasma after its solubilization. In(More)
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