Nicole Morichon-Delvallez

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BACKGROUND The acronym CHARGE refers to a non-random cluster of malformations including coloboma, heart malformation, choanal atresia, retardation of growth and/or development, genital anomalies, and ear anomalies. This set of multiple congenital anomalies is frequent, despite rare patients with normal intelligence, and prognosis remains poor. Recently,(More)
X-linked mental retardation is a common disorder that accounts for 5-10% of cases of mental retardation in males. Fragile X syndrome is the most common form resulting from a loss of expression of the FMR1 gene. On the other hand, partial duplication of the long arm of the X chromosome is uncommon. It leads to functional disomy of the corresponding genes and(More)
The phenotypic spectrum of 46,XX/46,XY chimeric patients is variable. It ranges from normal male or female genitalia to different degrees of ambiguous genitalia. Chimerism results from the amalgamation of two different zygotes in a single embryo, whereas mosaicism results from a mitotic error in a single zygote. Several other mechanisms resulting in a(More)
BACKGROUND Homogeneous and complete trisomy 8 is extremely rare. With one recent neonatal exception, all reported cases have been mosaic, due to mitotic non-disjunction during early zygotic development. We report a case of chromosome 8 trisomy in a human embryo examined at Carnegie stage 11 (25 days post-fertilization). It presented severe cardiovascular(More)
The prenatal diagnosis of an 8p23.1 deletion is reported. The diagnosis was ascertained at 22 weeks of gestation because of the discovery of a diaphragmatic hernia at ultrasound. Following cytogenetic studies and counselling, the pregnancy was terminated. An autopsy confirmed the presence of a diaphragmatic hernia and revealed also the existence of an(More)
A deletion of band 13q21, of maternal origin, was found in a male whose wife had had two miscarriages. The proband and his mother were both phenotypically normal. Repeated studies by high resolution banding techniques failed to demonstrate a translocation of the deleted band in the two subjects. The absence of pathological consequences of the deletion is(More)
We describe here a fetus with holoprosencephaly and signs of caudal deficiency sequence. Chromosome examination showed a de novo balanced reciprocal translocation (7;22) (q36;q11) with loss of the derivative chromosome 22 in 50% of the cells examined. The present report and available published data indicate that the terminal region of the long arm of(More)
We report on two patients, a boy and a girl, with an additional Xq28 chromosome segment translocated onto the long arm of an autosome. The karyotypes were 46,XY,der(10)t(X;10)(q28;qter) and 46,XX,der(4)t(X;4)(q28;q34), respectively. In both cases, the de novo cryptic unbalanced X-autosome translocation resulted in a Xq28 chromosome functional disomy. To our(More)
An Xq-duplication was found in a female child with multiple malformations. The family study revealed that her mother, who has a nearly normal phenotype, carries the same duplication. The karyotype of the grandmother shows the existence of a mosaicism: 46,X,del(X) (q23)/46,X,dup(X)(q27----q23). This mosaicism can be related to a translocation t(X;X)(q23;q27)(More)