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BACKGROUND The acronym CHARGE refers to a non-random cluster of malformations including coloboma, heart malformation, choanal atresia, retardation of growth and/or development, genital anomalies, and ear anomalies. This set of multiple congenital anomalies is frequent, despite rare patients with normal intelligence, and prognosis remains poor. Recently,(More)
The phenotypic spectrum of 46,XX/46,XY chimeric patients is variable. It ranges from normal male or female genitalia to different degrees of ambiguous genitalia. Chimerism results from the amalgamation of two different zygotes in a single embryo, whereas mosaicism results from a mitotic error in a single zygote. Several other mechanisms resulting in a(More)
BACKGROUND Homogeneous and complete trisomy 8 is extremely rare. With one recent neonatal exception, all reported cases have been mosaic, due to mitotic non-disjunction during early zygotic development. We report a case of chromosome 8 trisomy in a human embryo examined at Carnegie stage 11 (25 days post-fertilization). It presented severe cardiovascular(More)
A deletion of band 13q21, of maternal origin, was found in a male whose wife had had two miscarriages. The proband and his mother were both phenotypically normal. Repeated studies by high resolution banding techniques failed to demonstrate a translocation of the deleted band in the two subjects. The absence of pathological consequences of the deletion is(More)
We describe here a fetus with holoprosencephaly and signs of caudal deficiency sequence. Chromosome examination showed a de novo balanced reciprocal translocation (7;22) (q36;q11) with loss of the derivative chromosome 22 in 50% of the cells examined. The present report and available published data indicate that the terminal region of the long arm of(More)
X-linked mental retardation is a common disorder that accounts for 5-10% of cases of mental retardation in males. Fragile X syndrome is the most common form resulting from a loss of expression of the FMR1 gene. On the other hand, partial duplication of the long arm of the X chromosome is uncommon. It leads to functional disomy of the corresponding genes and(More)
An Xq-duplication was found in a female child with multiple malformations. The family study revealed that her mother, who has a nearly normal phenotype, carries the same duplication. The karyotype of the grandmother shows the existence of a mosaicism: 46,X,del(X) (q23)/46,X,dup(X)(q27----q23). This mosaicism can be related to a translocation t(X;X)(q23;q27)(More)
Overgrowth syndromes are a heterogeneous group of conditions including endocrine hormone disorders, several genetic syndromes and other disorders with unknown etiopathogenesis. Among genetic causes, chromosomal deletions and duplications such as dup(4)(p16.3), dup(15)(q26qter), del(9)(q22.32q22.33), del(22)(q13) and del(5)(q35) have been identified in(More)