Nicole Martin-Moutot

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A toxin was purified to homogeneity from the venom of the South American armed spider Phoneutria nigriventer and found to have a molecular mass of 8600 Da and a C-terminally amidated glycine residue. It appears to be identical to Toxin 1 (Tx1) isolated previously from this venom. Tx1 reversibly inhibited sodium currents in Chinese hamster ovary cells(More)
P- and Q-type calcium channels, which trigger rapid neurotransmitter release at many mammalian synapses, are blocked by omega-conotoxin MVIIC. 125I-omega-Conotoxin MVIIC binding to rat cerebellar synaptosomes was not displaced by omega-conotoxins GVIA or MVIIA (Ki > 1 microM), which are selective for N-type calcium channels. Solubilized 125I-omega-conotoxin(More)
omega-Conotoxin-sensitive N-type calcium channels control neurotransmitter release at the nerve terminal and interact with proteins implicated in secretion. Solubilized omega-conotoxin receptors from rat brain synaptic membrane were immunoprecipitated by antibodies against calcium channel alpha 1 subunits, syntaxin, and a 105-kDa plasma membrane protein. A(More)
The binding of omega-conotoxin to isolated rat neurohypophysial nerve terminals, its effect on the depolarization-induced increase of cytoplasmic Ca2+ and on the potassium and electrically-induced release of vasopressin (AVP) have been studied. The results show that isolated neurosecretory nerve endings have calcium channels with a high affinity for(More)
Nerve terminal protein complexes implicated in exocytosis were examined by immuno-isolation from rat brain synaptosomes. Immunoprecipitation with anti-syntaxin or anti-VAMP antibodies revealed a syntaxin-SNAP25-VAMP-synaptotagmin complex. Anti-VAMP antibodies also trapped a distinct VAMP-synaptophysin complex. A similar fraction (about 70%) of N-type(More)
Neurotransmitter release from synaptic vesicles is triggered by voltage-gated calcium influx through P/Q-type or N-type calcium channels. Purification of N-type channels from rat brain synaptosomes initially suggested molecular interactions between calcium channels and two key proteins implicated in exocytosis: synaptotagmin I and syntaxin 1.(More)
Plasma from patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS), an autoimmune disease of neuromuscular transmission, contains antibodies that immunoprecipitate 125I-omega-conotoxin GVIA labeled-calcium channels solubilized from rat brain. These antibodies label a 58-kDa protein in Western blots of partially purified 125I-omega-conotoxin receptor(More)
Immunoglobulin G fractions from patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS), an autoimmune disease of neuromuscular transmission, immunoprecipitate 125I-labeled omega-conotoxin GVIA-labeled calcium channels solubilized from rat brain. A 58-kDa antigen was detected by probing Western blots of partially purified calcium channels with LEMS plasma(More)
Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome is an autoimmune disease that impairs neuromuscular transmission. Several studies suggest that neurotransmitter release is reduced by an immune response directed against the calcium channel complex of nerve terminals. The immunoglobulin G fractions from Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome patients immunoprecipitate(More)
Calcium-dependent exocytosis at the nerve terminal involves the synaptic core (SNARE) complex composed of the t-SNAREs syntaxin 1 and synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25), and the v-SNARE vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP/synaptobrevin), a stable heterotrimer which can associate with the putative calcium sensor protein, synaptotagmin.(More)