Nicole M. Verrills

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Blast crisis chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML-BC) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph1-positive) acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) are 2 fatal BCR/ABL-driven leukemias against which Abl kinase inhibitors fail to induce a long-term response. We recently reported that functional loss of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity is important for CML blastic(More)
Four distinct genes encode tropomyosin (Tm) proteins, integral components of the actin microfilament system. In non-muscle cells, over 40 Tm isoforms are derived using alternative splicing. Distinct populations of actin filaments characterized by the composition of these Tm isoforms are found differentially sorted within cells (Gunning et al. 1998b). We(More)
Oncogenic mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase c-KIT play an important role in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors, systemic mastocytosis, and some acute myeloid leukemias (AML). Although juxtamembrane mutations commonly detected in gastrointestinal stromal tumor are sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, the kinase domain mutations(More)
Lightning Fast is a sensitive fluorescence-based stain for detecting proteins in one-dimensional and two-dimensional polyacrylamide electrophoresis gels. It contains the fluorophore epicocconone from the fungus Epicoccum nigrum that interacts noncovalently with sodium dodecyl sulfate and protein. Stained proteins can be excited optimally by near-ultraviolet(More)
Allergic airway inflammation is associated with activation of innate immune pathways by allergens. Acute exacerbations of asthma are commonly associated with rhinovirus infection. Here we show that, after exposure to house dust mite (HDM) or rhinovirus infection, the E3 ubiquitin ligase midline 1 (MID1) is upregulated in mouse bronchial epithelium. HDM(More)
Intrinsic or acquired resistance to vincristine (VCR), an antimicrotubule agent used in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), is a major clinical problem. Using a clinically relevant NOD/SCID mouse xenograft model of ALL, we established that alterations in the actin and tubulin cytoskeleton are involved in in vivo VCR resistance.(More)
Vinca alkaloids are used widely in the treatment of both childhood and adult cancers. Their cellular target is the beta-tubulin subunit of alpha/beta-tubulin heterodimers, and they act to inhibit cell division by disrupting microtubule dynamics. Despite the effectiveness of these agents, drug resistance is a major clinical problem. To identify the(More)
Advanced stage neuroblastoma has a poor clinical outcome and microtubule-destabilizing agents, such as the Vinca alkaloids, are an important component in the treatment of this childhood cancer. Vinca alkaloids bind to beta-tubulin on the alpha/beta-tubulin heterodimer and disrupt microtubule dynamics, leading to cell death. To date, studies examining the(More)
Epothilones, like paclitaxel, bind to beta-tubulin and stabilize microtubules. We selected a series of four leukemia sublines that display increasing levels of resistance to the epothilone analog desoxyepothilone B (dEpoB). The dEpoB cells selected in 30-140 nM were approximately 15-fold cross-resistant to paclitaxel, while 300 nM selected cells were(More)
Rapid input-restricted change in gene expression is an important aspect of synaptic plasticity requiring complex mechanisms of post-transcriptional mRNA trafficking and regulation. Small non-coding miRNA are uniquely poised to support these functions by providing a nucleic-acid-based specificity component for universal-sequence-dependent RNA binding(More)