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Four distinct genes encode tropomyosin (Tm) proteins, integral components of the actin microfilament system. In non-muscle cells, over 40 Tm isoforms are derived using alternative splicing. Distinct populations of actin filaments characterized by the composition of these Tm isoforms are found differentially sorted within cells (Gunning et al. 1998b). We(More)
Allergic airway inflammation is associated with activation of innate immune pathways by allergens. Acute exacerbations of asthma are commonly associated with rhinovirus infection. Here we show that, after exposure to house dust mite (HDM) or rhinovirus infection, the E3 ubiquitin ligase midline 1 (MID1) is upregulated in mouse bronchial epithelium. HDM(More)
Progress in the field of proteomics is dependent upon an ability to visualise close to an entire protein complement via a given array technology. These efforts have previously centred upon two-dimensional gel electrophoresis in association with immobilised pH gradients in the first dimension. However, limitations in this technology, including the inability(More)
Blast crisis chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML-BC) and Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph1-positive) acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) are 2 fatal BCR/ABL-driven leukemias against which Abl kinase inhibitors fail to induce a long-term response. We recently reported that functional loss of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity is important for CML blastic(More)
Oncogenic mutations of the receptor tyrosine kinase c-KIT play an important role in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors, systemic mastocytosis, and some acute myeloid leukemias (AML). Although juxtamembrane mutations commonly detected in gastrointestinal stromal tumor are sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitors, the kinase domain mutations(More)
Mast cells play both effector and modulatory roles in a range of allergic and immune responses. The principal function of these cells is the release of inflammatory mediators from mast cells by degranulation, which involves a complex interplay of signalling molecules. Understanding the molecular architecture underlying mast cell signalling has attracted(More)
Intrinsic or acquired resistance to vincristine (VCR), an antimicrotubule agent used in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), is a major clinical problem. Using a clinically relevant NOD/SCID mouse xenograft model of ALL, we established that alterations in the actin and tubulin cytoskeleton are involved in in vivo VCR resistance.(More)
BACKGROUND Proteomic investigations have revealed alterations in cytoskeletal proteins expressed in human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells that are resistant to microtubule-disrupting agents. We characterized gamma-actin expression in antimicrotubule drug-resistant leukemia and examined the effect of altered gamma-actin in resistance of acute(More)
Antimitotic agents that target tubulin, including the taxanes and vinca alkaloids, are important components of current anticancer therapy. Whilst these antimitotic drugs are highly effective in the treatment of a number of cancers, both acquired and intrinsic resistance to these agents is a major clinical problem. Furthermore, the systemic toxicity, and in(More)
Epothilones, like paclitaxel, bind to beta-tubulin and stabilize microtubules. We selected a series of four leukemia sublines that display increasing levels of resistance to the epothilone analog desoxyepothilone B (dEpoB). The dEpoB cells selected in 30-140 nM were approximately 15-fold cross-resistant to paclitaxel, while 300 nM selected cells were(More)